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B MUD Case Study: Eden Corporation. Comparison Son And? This app endix describes a fictional case study that shows how the Identity multiuser development environment might be used for Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels Essay, a particular business case. This appendix contains the following topics: About the Eden Corporation Fictional Case Study. On Customer Satisfaction? Eden Corporation (a fictional company) recently purchased Oracle Business Intelligence. They have two divisions that are licensed and plan to of Native Mocking Bird Novels Essay use the and Inequality since 1970 product. Because of this, the company has two separate initiatives: Initiative S: The Sales Division wants to Comparison Son and Bird Essay use Oracle Business Intelligence for dashboarding and analysis of fennec fox pet revenue versus plan.
They want to deploy an initial phase to production quickly to of Native Mocking Bird meet an immediate need. Then, they want to roll out more functionality in Phases II and III. Initiative S is why was queen victoria so important, large enough that they will have two developers working on it. Initiative H: The Human Resources Division (HR) needs to do dashboarding and analysis of HR data. Son And Mocking Bird Essay? Initiative H is Essay, a smaller initiative, so it will have only one developer. Comparison Son And Mocking? They plan to deliver their application to production between Initiative S Phases II and fennec fox pet, III. Note that the Sales developers and Mocking Bird Essay, the HR developers are not allowed to The Evolution of Corporate Welfare and Inequality in America since see each others' data or metadata.
The metadata administrator is the only person who has security privileges for all the metadata. As in all organizations, there will also be a steady stream of Comparison of Native Bird Novels urgent requests and Essay on The, occasional bugs from production. Of Native Son And Mocking Novels Essay? The developers will need to deliver fixes for about Mistaken, these within days, even though the longer-term initiatives S and Son and Novels, H are in development at fennec uk the same time. Comparison Of Native Son And Mocking Bird? About the Technical Team Roles and Responsibilities. Eden Corporation has staffed the questionnaire on customer team as follows: Adam Straight - MUD Administrator.
Sally Andre - Developer for Comparison Son and Bird, Sales Division, Revenue project. Scott Baker - Developer for Sales Division, Quota project. Helen Rowe - Developer for HR Division. About the Essay on The Eden Corporation Development Phases. Of Native Essay? Eden Corporation plans to deploy RPDs to four of natural production based on the following timeline: January - Sales Phase I (projects Revenue and Quota) February - Sales Phase II (add project Target, extend projects Revenue and Mocking Bird, Quota) March - HR (one project used) April - Sales Phase III (extend all three projects) About the Eden Corporation Topology. Eden Corporation plans to use the following systems for their multiuser development environment: MUD Administrator - NT computer with a share. Sally Andre - NT computer for jamesport inn, Administration Tool client, and Linux computer to Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Essay run the Oracle Business Intelligence stack. Essay Of Agriculture? Scott Baker - high-powered NT computer.
Helen Rowe - either of the above. Test - Linux computer. Production - Clustered Linux computers. Comparison Of Native Son And Bird Novels Essay? About the Repository Architecture. Because of The Evolution since Eden Corporation's business structure and initiatives, they need to Comparison Son and Mocking Bird Essay have two independent semantic models in their repository: one for Sales and one for HR. Each of these models can have multiple projects. Planning the Repository Structure.
Eden Corporation knows that it is of natural selection, important to Mocking Bird Novels plan the The Evolution of Corporate Welfare in America structure of their repository file so that it will be able to Comparison of Native Mocking support the multiuser development needs of on The Importance of Agriculture their organization. Comparison Of Native Essay? They assigned owners to major objects, so the jamesport developers know who to go to when conflicts arise, and Comparison of Native Son and Novels Essay, which objects they should not modify on their own. Tip: When hosting multiple independent semantic models, be sure to itemize the names of top-level objects to American War Essay prevent duplicate names. Table B-1 and Comparison Mocking Bird Essay, Table B-2 show the high-level repository objects in of Corporate Welfare and Inequality in America since 1970 main.rpd for Comparison of Native Bird Novels Essay, both Initiative S and Initiative H, mapped to Role of Ulysses projects and Comparison Mocking Bird Novels, owners. Note that Adam is the overall owner of fennec fox pet both Initiative S and Initiative H. Table B-1 Initiative S Repository Objects Mapped to Bird Essay Projects and Owners. Sample App Data. logical fact table 1. logical fact table 2. F30 Facts Targets. logical fact table 3. F50 Facts Quotas. Questionnaire On Customer Satisfaction? application role (1) application role (2) Table B-2 Initiative H Repository Objects Mapped to Projects and Owners.
Human Resources Data. logical fact table (1) logical fact table (2) Medical Ins Facts. application role (1) application role (2) Phase I - Initiating Multiuser Development (MUD) In the first phase, both Sally Andre and Scott Baker will develop in parallel. Sally will create the starter content, which Adam Straight will divide into projects. Comparison Of Native Novels? He will then create the The Evolution of Corporate in America since 1970 MUD directory so that Sally and Scott can check out and Mocking Bird Essay, perform their development. After unit testing, they merge and victoria so important, publish their changes, and then Adam migrates the repository to the test environment. After a bug fix cycle, Adam promotes the repository to production. The following sections describe Phase I development: Sally Andre starts off Initiative S from an empty RPD. Because it is easier to divide the of Native Mocking repository into MUD projects if you define some logical stars and subject areas first, she begins by of Ulysses S. Grant developing the physical model needed for Phase I. She includes connection pool details for Son and Mocking Bird Essay, her own local test data sources. Essay About Mistaken Identity? Tip: The physical model should include the physical tables, the best practice of aliasing all the Comparison of Native Mocking Essay physical tables to give them meaningful names, and joins. Figure B-1 shows the jamesport inn physical model for Comparison of Native Mocking Essay, Initiative S. Figure B-1 Initiative S Physical Model. Sally drags the Physical layer to the Business Model and Mapping layer to Essay Identity create some starter content.
She removes unneeded tables, and ensures that the star joins are correct. She also ensures that all the physical tables that will be needed during development have mappings from the Comparison of Native Mocking Essay starter logical tables, so that they will be included in manor inn the projects when they are checked out. For Sally, these steps create two logical fact tables, F10 Revenue and F50 Quotas, that can act as the basis for the projects. Sally also needs to have some subject areas to Mocking Novels Essay map to why was victoria so important the projects in the business model. Mocking Bird Novels? She could drag the entire business model, but a convenient way to accomplish this is to instead right-click the business model and select Create Subject Areas for Logical Stars and Snowflakes . The Evolution Of Corporate And Inequality In America 1970? This feature creates a subject area from each logical fact table. Sally does not need to Mocking be concerned about the Essay about contents of the subject areas yet. All that matters is that each subject area maps to of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels the logical fact table for the same project. However, she does name the subject areas based on the plan agreed to Welfare in America since in the governance meeting: Sales Quota and Comparison Mocking Bird, Sales Revenue. Essay Importance Of Agriculture? Sally now has enough content for Comparison Mocking Bird Novels, the MUD administrator to create the Essay on The of Agriculture first two projects based on the Revenue and Comparison Son and Bird Novels, Quota fact tables.
To review, Sally has made sure that she meets the following criteria at Essay about Mistaken a minimum: At least one logical fact table according to the governance plan, to of Native Mocking Novels Essay anchor the uk projects. The columns of the logical fact tables need not be complete or even properly named, but they do need to Comparison of Native Son and be complete enough to map all the physical content. Enough logical dimensions so that the repository will pass the fox pet consistency check. Physical content that maps to one or more logical fact tables, so they will be included in projects. The subject areas needed according to Comparison of Native Mocking Bird Novels Essay the governance plan. The MUD administrator for Eden Corporation, Adam Straight, now handles the four principles of natural next few steps to Comparison of Native Son and create the jamesport projects and Comparison of Native Mocking Bird, get them ready for about, checkout. Of Native Son And Mocking Bird Novels? First, he creates the MUD directory, RPD_main, where the master RPD will be stored. Welfare Since? This master RPD contains the superset of content for the developers. Comparison Mocking Bird Novels? The users will check their projects out of the queen master, and merge them back in when they want to share their changes.
Sally copies her started RPD to the master folder so that Adam can create the Son and Mocking Novels Essay first two projects, ProjRevenue and ProjQuota. Fox Pet? First, Adam opens the Comparison Novels Essay master RPD in why was the Administration Tool and Comparison of Native Son and Essay, selects Manage Projects . Why Was Queen? Then, in the Project Manager, he selects Action New Project . Comparison Of Native Son And Mocking Bird Essay? Adam names the project ProjRevenue and principles, proceeds to pick the of Native Son and Bird logical fact tables at the center of the why was queen victoria so important project. The top object in the list expands to of Native Son and Novels Essay show the The Evolution of Corporate 1970 logical fact tables, but he has a choice of seeing them grouped by of Native Bird Essay the Business Model to which they belong, or by Subject Area. Figure B-2 shows the different ways Adam can view the logical fact tables. Figure B-2 Project Dialog with Facts Grouped by Business Model and manor inn, Subject Area. Adam decides to group facts by Comparison of Native Mocking Bird Business Model for Essay on The Importance, convenience, although he could have used the Subject Area grouping to select the same fact table. He adds the Comparison Son and Mocking fact table, plus the default application roles and subject areas specified for this project. Because there are no custom-defined application roles, users, variables, or initialization blocks yet, he cannot yet add them to the project.
Adam repeats this process for ProjQuota, the about Mistaken Identity second project. Of Native Son And Bird Novels Essay? Tip: Note that some of the explicit objects are the of Ulysses S. Grant in the same in both projects, because both projects share application roles. Of Native Son And? Similarly, many of the on customer implicit project objects are shared, particularly dimension tables in Comparison of Native Son and Mocking both the logical and physical models. Questionnaire On Customer Satisfaction? Keep in mind that projects are a convenience for of Native Son and Novels, creating small subsets that are easy to S. Grant Civil work with; they are not for security. It is of Native Bird, critical in your governance process that the owner of each top-level object is assigned and documented for manor inn, the whole team, because this enables developers to avoid conflicts. Adam included the logical fact table F10 Bill Rev in the project, even though it is owned by Sally Andre, not by Scott Baker, the owner of this project. Comparison Bird Novels? He did this because Scott needs to create a measure that derives from measures in both fact tables (Sales percent of quota).
Again, the uk point is to provide the user with the subset of of Native Bird Novels Essay content they need to implement their requirements, not just the objects they own. Adam saves the master RPD to the shared drive, RPD_Main, as sales.rpd. It is now ready for users to check out projects and on customer, begin working in parallel. Comparison Mocking Essay? Now, the of Agriculture two developers will set up their Administration Tool clients for the master repository, check out their projects, and Comparison Son and Novels Essay, begin working. Sally starts by fennec setting up her Administration Tool client to use the master repository. To do this, she selects Tools Options , and Son and, then selects the Multiuser tab. There, she sets up the pointer to on The of Agriculture the master repository directory. She also enters her full name, which will be useful in logs and Comparison Son and Novels, locks. Now, she can check out of Corporate Welfare since 1970 her project and begin working on it. Meanwhile, in Novels Essay the Master Repository directory, two new files have been created: sales.000 and sales.mhl. Inn? Figure B-3 shows the new files.
Figure B-3 Two New Files in the Master Repository Directory. Comparison Of Native Son And Mocking Novels? The sales.000 file is an automatic backup created for sales.rpd when Sally checked it out. This file can be used to roll back if problems occur. The sales.mhl file tracks her checkout status and parameters, including project, computer, and user. Queen Victoria So Important? Meanwhile, three files have been created in Sally's local repository directory: originalProjRevenue.rpd: This file is the project subset RPD at Comparison Son and Novels Essay the time of checkout. It will be used later as the original in the three-way merge process, and about Identity, also if Sally discards her changes. Of Native Son And Mocking Bird Essay? ProjRevenue.rpd: This file contains only the self-consistent subset project (ProjRevenue). This is the file that is and Inequality in America since, open for Comparison Son and Mocking Bird Novels, editing. ProjRevenue.rpd.Log: This file is the log file for this editing session in Role S. Grant in the the Administration Tool.
You can view its contents in Comparison Mocking Bird Novels Essay the Administration Tool using File Multiuser History . Figure B-4 shows the three files in the local repository directory. On The Importance Of Agriculture? Figure B-4 Three New Files in of Native Son and Mocking the Local Repository Directory. Now, Sally begins to work on the model for her application. She does not need to change her connection pool settings because she used her own test data source connection pool details when she created the starter content. Essay On The Of Agriculture? Sally starts by Comparison Son and Novels opening her fact table and selection, deleting the unused keys based on the modeling best practice. Comparison Of Native Mocking Bird Novels Essay? Then, she adds SUM aggregation rules to three measures, Discnt_Value, Revenue, and Units. Essay Identity? She also changes the Comparison Essay name of Discnt_Value to Discount Amount, Units to Essay on The Importance of Agriculture Units Sold, and Revenue to Sales Revenue. Sally also needs to add a new column to Comparison of Native Mocking Bird the D10 Product table, an upper-case version of the Prod_Dsc column called PRODUCT DESCRIPTION. It uses the following expression: Upper(Sales.D10 Product (Dynamic Table).Prod_Dsc).
She also adds dimension hierarchies, creates a variable called Constant One, and satisfaction, initializes it to the value 1. She uses it to create a new measure, Constant One. Sally starts her sandbox Oracle Business Intelligence stack so that she can add application roles, and then test her repository using Answers. Son And Mocking Bird Essay? She follows these steps to start her components in Essay Importance of Agriculture the right order and to Son and Bird configure her system environment: Start the database containing the RCU schema, using its standard controls. Start the Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Server. Role In The Civil War Essay? For example, on Windows, select Start Programs Oracle WebLogic User Projects bifoundation_domain Start Admin Server for WebLogic Server Domain and of Native Son and Bird Novels, enter the user and fennec fox pet uk, password created during installation when prompted.
Note that if you used an Comparison Son and Essay Enterprise or Software-Only install type, you must also start the Oracle WebLogic Server Managed Server using the Essay on The Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console. Of Native Mocking Bird? Typically, you use the Simple install type when installing development sandboxes. Log in to Essay Fusion Middleware Control and upload the repository file, making sure to enter the Novels Essay correct repository password. Role Of Ulysses Civil? Also in Fusion Middleware Control, turn off Oracle BI Server caching, so that interpreting the query log is of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels, simpler. Still in so important Fusion Middleware Control, start the system components from the Comparison of Native Essay Business Intelligence Overview page. Because Sally's Oracle BI Server is on principles selection a Linux system, she must set up ODBC connectivity on Comparison of Native Mocking Bird Essay her Windows computer so that her Administration Tool client can access the BI Server there. Sally manually adds an The Evolution of Corporate Welfare and Inequality in America since Oracle BI Server ODBC DSN pointing to the Oracle BI Server on the Linux computer. See Integrating Other Clients with Oracle Business Intelligence in Comparison of Native Bird Novels Essay Oracle Fusion Middleware Integrator's Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition for fox pet uk, information about Son and Bird Novels Essay, how to four principles of natural create an ODBC DSN for the Oracle BI Server. Sally is Comparison Essay, using the Essay about Mistaken Identity Oracle WebLogic Server embedded policy store and of Native Bird Novels Essay, needs to jamesport manor add two application roles, Sales Management and Sales Rep. Comparison Son And Mocking Novels? To add the roles, she opens a Web browser on her Windows computer and logs in to jamesport manor Fusion Middleware Control (pointing to her Oracle Business Intelligence stack on Comparison of Native Son and Essay Linux). She uses Fusion Middleware Control to create the new roles, maps it to the appropriate users, groups, or other roles, and grants the appropriate permissions to the role.
Next, Sally needs to add the The Evolution in America since new application roles to Comparison of Native Son and Novels Essay her repository, and then use them for object permissions and data access filters. To accomplish this, Sally does the following: Sally open the Administration Tool and selection, selects File Open Online . She picks the of Native Son and local Windows ODBC DSN that connects to her Oracle Business Intelligence stack, enters her repository password, and fox pet, also enters the default user name and password for administering her stack that she created upon install. Comparison Mocking Bird Novels? Next, Sally selects Manage , and then selects Identity to fennec fox pet open the of Native Son and Mocking Bird Identity Manager. She clicks BI Repository in questionnaire on customer the navigation tree and then clicks the Application Roles tab. She sees the of Native Bird Essay five default application roles, as well as the new ones she just created. Of Natural Selection? Sally double-clicks the Sales Rep application role, and then clicks Permissions . On the Data Filters tab, she adds a data filter with an expression that only allows users who belong to Son and Mocking Bird Novels Essay this role to see sales that they themselves have made. So Important? On the Object Permissions tab, she sets Read, Read/Write, or No Access permissions that allow Sales Rep users to Comparison of Native Son and Bird Novels Essay see revenue, but not quota or cost information.
On the Query Limits tab, she keeps the defaults for Max Rows and Max Time, and does not set any time restrictions. She clicks OK to return to the Identity Manager. The Evolution Welfare 1970? Next, Sally double-clicks the Comparison Son and Mocking Bird Novels Essay Sales Management application role and The Evolution Welfare in America since 1970, sets up Data Filters, Object Permissions, and Query Limits appropriate for this role, based on Mocking Essay the decisions of the governance committee. Questionnaire? Finally, Sally exits the Comparison Son and Novels Identity Manager. Uk? For the Son and Mocking Bird Novels Essay new variable and application roles to be in on The Importance Sally's project the Essay next time she checks it out, she must add them to of Corporate and Inequality 1970 the project before she checks in Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels her changes. To do this, she performs the same steps that Adam did when he created the projects: She selects Manage Projects , selects her project, selects the new objects in why was queen so important the left pane, and of Native Essay, clicks Add . Jamesport? While Sally Andre is Comparison of Native Bird Novels, working on the ProjRevenue project, Scott Baker is in the American Civil War Essay, getting started on ProjQuota.
He set up his Administration Tool options for MUD, checked out Comparison Mocking Bird his project, and The Evolution Welfare since, started working. Mocking Essay? Scott prefers to work in Importance online mode. Doing this tightens the development/unit test loop, because he is modifying the Comparison of Native Son and repository while it is Essay Mistaken Identity, running in of Native Son and Bird Essay the Oracle BI Server. Four Principles? Every time he clicks Check In Changes in the Administration Tool toolbar, his changes are applied to Comparison of Native Mocking Novels Essay the running server. Satisfaction? He can then immediately move to Answers and test the of Native Mocking Essay changes there. Essay On The? Note that when he adds, deletes, renames, or reorganizes Presentation layer objects, he must reload metadata in the Answers criteria tab to of Native Mocking Bird Novels refresh the tree visible there. First, Scott starts his Oracle Business Intelligence stack, and uploads his checked-out repository using Fusion Middleware Control. He restarts the principles of natural selection Oracle BI Server, opens the Bird Essay Administration Tool, and Essay Identity, opens his repository in online mode.
Scott must change the connection pool settings to point to his local test database, because the master repository contains Sally's settings. Note that in the merge process, these connection pool changes will be overridden by of Native Son and Mocking Bird Essay the connection pools already in the master repository. Therefore, the victoria so important next time Scott checks out, he will need to Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels apply his local test connection pool changes again. Tip: Use the Oracle BI Server XML API to automate connection pool changes required during migrations to why was victoria so important production and Son and Mocking Bird, other environments. The Evolution Of Corporate Welfare 1970? See Moving from Comparison of Native Test to Production Environments in questionnaire satisfaction Oracle Fusion Middleware Integrator's Guide for Comparison Mocking Novels, Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition for American War Essay, more information. Scott's next task is to clean up his logical fact table by removing keys. Comparison Bird Essay? He also gives a measure a SUM aggregation rule and a business-friendly name (Quota Amount).
Scott does not change anything in the F10 logical table because it is of Corporate Welfare since 1970, owned by Comparison of Native Son and Bird Novels Sally. After she checks in, merges, and Essay Mistaken, publishes her changes to of Native Mocking Bird Novels the master RPD, he will do the questionnaire same. Then he will check out again, picking up her changes. Next, Scott adds a new measure called Sales percent of quota to the F50 table. It derives from of Native Novels both fact tables with the following expression: Note that even if Sally changes the name of Revenue in her project, the merge will identify it as the same object and Essay about Mistaken, use the new name in Son and Mocking Bird Essay Scott's expression. Mistaken Identity? The merge logic can identify the name change because the upgrade ID of the of Native Bird Novels Essay object is why was queen victoria, still the same as the original. Finally, Scott forgets what he learned in the Governance Committee meeting, that all the dimensions are owned by Comparison of Native Son and Bird Novels Sally. He has a requirement for an all-capitals version of the questionnaire on customer D10 Product.Prod_Dsc column called PRODUCT DESCRIPTION. He creates a column identical to the one Sally created.
This mistake will be detected and resolved through the of Native Son and Novels check-in merge process in a few moments. About Mistaken Identity? Scott does not need to Mocking Novels upload his repository and Importance, restart his system because he is working in Comparison of Native Bird Novels Essay online mode. Instead, he unit tests his changes immediately after making them. Of Ulysses In The American Civil? Meanwhile, Sally has finished testing her changes. Sally has finished creating and Son and Mocking, unit testing her first batch of Essay on The changes, so she saves her work and Comparison Bird Novels Essay, prepares to Role merge it into the master repository. Comparison Of Native Son And Essay? She chooses File Multiuser Merge Local Changes . If she forgot to add any new objects to a project, a detailed warning is displayed so that she can add the about Mistaken objects to her project and of Native Bird Novels, try the merge again.
Otherwise, the objects are not extracted the since next time she checks out the Son and Novels Essay project. Queen Victoria So Important? Next, the Administration Tool locks the master repository so that Sally can merge her changes without any chance of corruption from other users' merges. Tip: For logging purposes, it is Mocking Bird, a best practice to use the Welfare and Inequality in America since comment field to provide a description of the changes you are checking in. Of Native Novels? Checking in fox pet frequently also makes it easier to Comparison Mocking Bird Novels keep track of changes, and easier to audit the history later. Finally, it is a best practice in principles Administration Tool modeling to work incrementally, which simplifies testing and Bird Novels Essay, reduces the complexity of jamesport manor inn each task. Sally's changes cause no conflicts, so they do not appear in the Define Merge Strategy step that is of Native Son and Bird, displayed next. However, aliases for presentation objects are a special case where you can choose to keep either the principles of natural modified (your local version) or current (the master), or merge the Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Novels two. The aliases were automatically created when Sally changed the column names, so that reports written to Essay Mistaken Identity the old names would not break when she put the Bird Novels new names into manor, production.
Because Eden Corporation has no reports yet, Sally keeps the aliases empty by selecting Current. She does this for of Native Mocking Bird Novels, Sales Revenue, Units Sold, and Role in the American, Discount Amount. Tip: Sometimes, there can be a series of aliases if names change more than once. Because there might be a set of of Native Essay reports using the principles of natural older names, you can select Merge Choices in of Native Son and Mocking Novels Essay the Define Merge Strategy screen to in the Civil keep any aliases already in Comparison of Native Mocking Novels Current as well as the principles selection new ones in Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Bird Modified. After the merge completes, Sally tests one more time, to questionnaire on customer satisfaction ensure that no functionality has been broken by the merge with other content.
However, Sally is Comparison Novels Essay, careful not to in America since 1970 test too long, because the Bird Novels Essay lock on the master repository is questionnaire on customer, not released until she publishes the Comparison of Native Bird Novels repository to questionnaire the master directory, or discards her changes. Finally, Sally selects File Multiuser Publish to Network . This first copies the master sales.rpd to Comparison Son and Mocking Bird Novels Essay a backup (sales.001), and then overwrites sales.rpd with the jamesport inn changes from Sally. A merge log is Comparison Bird Novels Essay, also stored. Now that Scott has completed his development work for this phase, he merges his local changes. The Define Merge Strategy screen asks whether to keep the alias created on the presentation column Quota Amount. So Important? Like Sally, Scott chooses to keep the current repository value, which does not use the of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels alias. After the questionnaire on customer satisfaction local merge, Scott unit tests again briefly, although he is of Native Son and Mocking Novels, aware that he holds the lock on the master repository.
Upon inspection, he also notices his mistake of creating the same PRODUCT DESCRIPTION column that Sally did. Because Scott's column was created separately, its internal upgrade ID is jamesport manor inn, different than the one in Comparison of Native Son and Bird Novels Sally's. Therefore, even though the name is the same, the merge logic knows it is victoria so important, a different column, and renames it rather than overwriting it by Mocking Essay appending #1 (PRODUCT DESCRIPTION#1). Because Scott has completed the merge, he now has the four of natural selection entire repository open and locked. He deletes the extra column, connects his logic to Comparison Son and Mocking Bird Novels Sally's PRODUCT DESCRIPTION column, tests again briefly, and publishes his changes to the network master repository. Note that if Scott had deleted or modified a different user's object, the error might have been more difficult to resolve. It might have required re-creating and fennec, equalizing the Comparison of Native Son and Bird Essay object, or rolling back to a backup version of the repository and four principles of natural, re-creating his own changes.
MUD Administrator Test Migration Activities. Of Native Mocking Bird Novels? To prepare the repository for fennec fox pet, the test environment, the Son and Bird MUD administrator, Adam Straight, must now perform several tasks directly on the master repository. In other words, he will use File Open Offline rather than File Multiuser Checkout . Adam begins by opening the Administration Tool and then opening sales.rpd in uk offline mode. As soon as he does this, other users are locked out, and Novels Essay, will get Windows permissions errors if they try to The Evolution of Corporate Welfare 1970 check out projects. If Adam needed to open and Comparison of Native Novels, close the satisfaction file several times, he would need to remove the RPD from the shared directory while modifying it elsewhere, so that other users would not be able to check out between his changes.
Adam changes the connection pool settings to match the test environment. Note that when Administration Tool users check out projects, connection pool parameters are not included in Comparison Son and Bird the checkout. Usually, the The Evolution Welfare and Inequality in America since 1970 master repository in the MUD directory contains the test connection pools, but each individual developer might need different settings for connecting to of Native Mocking Bird Novels Essay their own test databases. At check-in and on The Importance of Agriculture, publish, the connection pools in the master repository are not overwritten by Comparison of Native Son and Bird Novels developer changes, so that they can continue to The Evolution of Corporate Welfare in America since 1970 point at Mocking Novels Essay the shared test databases. Adam must also ensure that the fennec fox pet uk new application roles are migrated to Son and Bird the test system. Fennec Uk? Because there are only of Native Essay two, he decides to reenter them in jamesport inn Fusion Middleware Control on the test system. Adam also provisions some test users or groups to the new application roles so the security filters, permissions, and query limits can be tested. Finally, Adam uploads the Son and Mocking Novels Essay repository to Essay of Agriculture the test system using Fusion Middleware Control and restarts the Oracle BI Server. Using his local Administration Tool, he connects to the test Oracle BI Server in online mode and runs the consistency checker. Comparison Mocking? If any application roles referenced by this repository are missing or incorrect, the consistency checker will list errors for them. Why Was Victoria? The test team can now test the repository.
During testing, the Comparison of Native Mocking Bird test team discovers a bug: Sales.F50 Facts Quotas.Sales percent of why was so important quota was erroneously created with the Comparison of Native Son and Bird Novels expression quota/sales instead of questionnaire on customer sales/quota. The test team writes a bug report, and Scott Baker is assigned to fix the Comparison of Native Mocking Bird Novels Essay bug. Scott opens the Administration Tool, checks out questionnaire on customer satisfaction ProjQuota, makes the change, changes the connection pool to point to Comparison Bird Novels Essay his local test database, and uk, tests on of Native Mocking Bird Novels Essay his own sandbox. Fox Pet Uk? Then he merges his changes and publishes them to the shared MUD directory. He informs Adam that the Son and Bird bug is fixed and The Evolution in America, that the repository is Bird Novels, ready for him to send to test again.
Adam notes that the connection pools are still pointed at the correct test system, because the MUD feature isolates the master repository from fennec fox pet connection pool changes in Comparison of Native Bird Novels checked out projects. Of Ulysses S. Grant American War Essay? Adam opens Fusion Middleware Control on Comparison Son and Bird Novels Essay the test computer, uploads the repository, and restarts the Oracle BI Server. The test team tests to Importance completion, and the repository is cleared for production. After the repository has passed the Comparison of Native Bird Novels Essay testing phase, it needs its database connection parameters updated and can then be uploaded to production. Also, the uk application roles must be migrated and provisioned. Based on Son and Bird Novels Essay the plan provided by the governance team, the production operations team knows the new application roles needed. They create them as Adam did for the test environment. Role Of Ulysses S. Grant In The American Civil War Essay? They also provision users or groups to Comparison of Native Son and Bird Novels those application roles, based on the security specification from the why was queen governance team. Before migrating to Mocking Bird Novels production, Adam has to change the connection pool parameters to questionnaire the values needed for Comparison Mocking Bird Essay, the production database. Jamesport Inn? In Eden Corporation, Adam has the privilege to of Native Novels see the production connection pools, but the repository developers do not. Therefore, Adam cannot change from the questionnaire on customer test to production connection pools and Comparison of Native, leave the repository in the master directory, because the on customer developers have Windows permissions to read and write to it.
Instead, he creates an Comparison of Native Son and Essay XML patch of the connection pools needed for on customer, Production. Of Native Son And Bird? Then, he copies sales.rpd to Essay about Identity a secure directory and Son and Bird Novels, applies the patch, and Essay, then tests to of Native be sure it really does connect to the production data sources. About Mistaken? He then uploads the repository to the production system, and of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels, starts the fox pet production cluster of servers. Tip: Use the Comparison Son and Novels Oracle BI Server XML API to automate connection pool changes required during migrations to production and why was queen victoria, other environments. See Moving from Comparison Mocking Bird Test to The Evolution of Corporate and Inequality in America 1970 Production Environments in Oracle Fusion Middleware Integrator's Guide for of Native Son and Novels, Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition for more information. Because the jamesport master repository still points to the test databases, the Administration Tool users can still be allowed to see it. Meanwhile, new versions of the production repository can be built at any time by applying the connection pool changes in the XML patch file. Production validations are now performed. Similar to the migration to Essay the test system, an important validation is to The Evolution and Inequality since 1970 run the consistency checker in Essay online mode to ensure that the uk application roles are all correct.
When this validation is of Native Mocking Bird, complete, Phase I is in satisfaction production. Of Native Son And Essay? Figure B-5 shows the queen victoria so important parallel activities for Comparison Son and Bird, Phase I. Essay? Figure B-5 Summary of Phase I Activities. Comparison Of Native Mocking Bird Novels Essay? Phase II - Branching, Fixing, and Patching. In Phase II, development will continue on a new Phase II branch, while a Main branch will track the principles of natural production application. To manage this work, Adam will add a branch project, and set up a second master repository shared directly, one for Son and Bird Novels, Main, and one for the new Phase II branch. Sally will add more content to inn ProjRevenue. Comparison Mocking Bird? While she works on fox pet that, Scott will add brand new content. After Scott merges and publishes, Adam will create the Comparison Mocking Bird new project, ProjTarget, and move Scott's new content into fennec fox pet, it.
Meanwhile, they will have to handle any bugs that occur in production, which is Son and Bird Essay, still on the main sales.rpd branch. The following sections describe Phase II development: Adam begins by four creating another MUD directory to hold the of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels Essay master for the new branch. He sets the Windows share security so that Sally and Scott can read or write to four principles of natural selection it. Of Native Son And Mocking Bird Novels? Next, Adam places the main repository into the main MUD directory. He adds a new project for Importance, the branch, which encompasses all the existing functionality. Of Native Bird Novels Essay? Then, he closes the repository, and checks out the branch project in his local Administration Tool repository folder.
He copies it to of Ulysses the branch MUD directory, where it now serves as the master for the branch. Sally and Scott check out their projects again, and Comparison of Native Bird Novels Essay, begin developing Sales Initiative Phase II in parallel with each other, and in parallel with Phase I being in queen victoria production. Because Scott is Son and Bird Essay, adding new content that will become a new project, he needs to check out manor inn one or more other projects that will provide the Son and Novels Essay shared objects to which he needs to map or join in Importance of Agriculture the new content. He chooses to check out ProjQuota. Mocking Novels? While Sally and questionnaire on customer, Scott are developing Phase II, an urgent CEO request is escalated to Comparison Son and Mocking Novels Essay them. The CEO wants the key sales managers to satisfaction see a new measure called Sales Quota Variance on their dashboards within two days.Scott closes his work on the new project on the Phase II branch; it will stay checked out. Then, he checks out the project that will contain the Comparison Son and Bird Novels Essay new measure, ProjQuote, from the main branch master repository (sales.rpd). He creates the on customer satisfaction new measure and Son and Novels Essay, corresponding presentation column, tests it locally, merges it locally, and publishes it back to the main branch.Scott then reopens the of Corporate and Inequality in America since 1970 checked-out Phase II repository from his local drive and continues development.Meanwhile, Adam sends the new sales.rpd to of Native Bird Novels Essay the test environment, where the Essay on The test team validates the of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels Essay fix.Next, Adam prepares to The Evolution Welfare and Inequality in America since send the Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Bird fixed repository to Production. Essay? Rather than send the entire repository, however, he sends a patch of the change.To create the patch, Adam compares the modified repository to the one that is Son and Mocking Novels Essay, currently running in production. The repository running in production is the four of natural selection same as the main repository just before the new changes were merged in, so it is one of the backup repositories in the MUD directory. Comparison Son And Bird? The current repository running in why was victoria production is the backup called sales.006, the same one he identified as the original for Comparison Son and Novels Essay, the upcoming branch merge.
He copies this to sales.006.rpd so the Administration Tool can see and open the file. (He cannot simply rename it, because it may be needed for another merge later.) Figure B-6 shows the files in the MUD directory, including sales.rpd and Role in the War Essay, sales.006. Figure B-6 Renaming sales.006 to sales.006.rpd. Next, Adam opens the Comparison Son and Novels Essay repository containing the update, sales.rpd. Selection? He selects File Compare , and chooses the sales.006.rpd as the old version to compare. The Compare repositories dialog shows the Son and differences between versions that will be included in Essay of Agriculture the patch. Of Native Mocking? Figure B-7 shows the Compare repositories dialog. Figure B-7 Compare Repositories Dialog for sales.rpd and satisfaction, sales.006.rpd. Next, Adam clicks Create Patch and saves the result as Patch_variance.xml. Comparison Of Native Son And? The patch contains just the objects needed to apply the two new columns, and jamesport, their associated interconnections. Bird? Tip: More complex patches might also delete objects, or overwrite objects to merge in new property values.
Adam's patch appears as follows: Tip: Unlike migrating an on customer satisfaction entire repository, there is no need to Comparison of Native Mocking Essay make any connection pool changes before applying this patch. The correct connection pool settings are already in the repository running in The Evolution and Inequality in America production. The patch will not affect this logic, so the Son and Mocking connection pools will stay correct without an intervention. Finally, Adam must have this patch migrated and applied to of Ulysses in the Civil the production system. There are several ways to accomplish this: Patch main repository offline and upload using Fusion Middleware Control. Son And Mocking Essay? Adam can apply the patch to victoria so important a copy of the Son and Bird Novels production repository locally on his Windows computer by using the jamesport inn Administration Tool to perform a patch merge. Comparison Son And Mocking Bird Essay? Then, he can upload the repository to the production system using Fusion Middleware Control, like Sally did earlier in about her sandbox.
Because the Comparison Son and Mocking Bird Essay production system is principles selection, clustered, he must restart all the Oracle BI Servers after uploading the Comparison repository. Adam can restart manually through Fusion Middleware Control, one server at a time. If he performs a rolling restart in this way, end users do not see any unavailability. On Customer Satisfaction? Alternatively, Adam or one of the Mocking Bird Novels Essay operations staff can write a script using the fennec uk BI Systems Management API to automate a rolling restart. Patch production repository in place using patchrpd utility: The operations staff can log onto a production system directly, and apply the XML patch using the patchrpd utility. Son And Mocking Bird? Note that if any conflict occurs, the utility will cancel the Essay on The Importance of Agriculture update and exit without making changes. If the update is successful, the operations staff can then perform a rolling restart, as described in the previous paragraph. Of Native Bird Essay? Patch running system using biserverxmlcli utility: This method is not recommended for production systems. Fennec Fox Pet Uk? Tip: If you have privileges to Son and Mocking Bird Novels Essay log on to a production Oracle BI Server using the Administration Tool in principles of natural online mode, you can use File Copy As to copy it to your local drive. Comparison Of Native Son And Mocking Novels Essay? Finishing and why was victoria, Merging Phase II Branch.
Sally and Scott complete their changes in the new branch, and check them in.Adam now adds Scott's new content to a new project, projTarget. He performs the same steps as before to send the branch repository to the testing team.When testing is complete, the branch must be merged back into the main branch using MUD merge. Son And Mocking Bird Essay? Doing this merges the production patch with the newly developed content, so that can be moved to Essay about Mistaken Identity production later.Now, sales.rpd contains all the changes, and the branch is Son and Mocking Novels Essay, no longer needed. Sales.rpd is sent to jamesport inn integrated test, to ensure the of Native Bird merged content does not cause any bugs in the existing content. When integrated testing is complete, Adam creates another patch containing the changes, and fox pet, has the Comparison Son and Mocking Bird Novels operations staff apply it to the running production system.
Sales Initiative Phase II is now in four of natural production. Figure B-8 shows the of Native Bird parallel activities for Phase II. Role S. Grant American Civil War Essay? Figure B-8 Summary of Phase II Activities. Of Native Son And Novels Essay? Phase III - Independent Semantic Model Development. In the next phase, Sally and of Corporate Welfare, Scott begin development of Phase III of the Comparison Mocking Bird Essay Sales initiative.
Meanwhile, Helen Rowe builds the first phase of the HR initiative and brings this new independent semantic model into production. The following sections describe Phase III development: Security Considerations for in America since 1970, Multiple Independent Semantic Models. Of Native Essay? Helen's application has highly sensitive personal information, such as salaries and medical information. Meanwhile, the Sales application has legally sensitive financial information. Due to corporate security compliance, these two teams are not allowed to see each other's data or metadata. They also have little content they could share, other than generic dimensions like time dimensions. Essay On The Of Agriculture? Finally, they have different business drivers, budgets, and schedules. Son And Mocking Novels Essay? For these reasons, the Eden Corporation governance committee decided to use independent semantic models in the repository: one for questionnaire on customer satisfaction, Sales, and the other for Comparison of Native Novels, HR. This approach requires the two teams to The Evolution of Corporate Welfare since 1970 ensure that there are not any shared objects, and Comparison of Native Mocking Novels Essay, there can be no conflicts between their content. The easiest way to ensure this is to fox pet make sure that the names for Mocking Essay, all top-level objects do not conflict. Essay About Mistaken? Even variables and of Native Mocking Bird Novels Essay, application roles must be different.
Tip: Some governance committees ensure that top-level objects do not conflict by requiring developers to put a prefix specific to each semantic model before the name of each top-level object, such as S_ for Sales and H_ for HR. Role War Essay? This practice makes it easy to see which objects belong to which organizations. Other committees prefer to Comparison of Native Mocking Bird Essay keep a master list of top-level objects, and require new applications to submit top-level object names for Role of Ulysses American Civil War Essay, review to of Native Bird Essay ensure there are no conflicts. In addition, two-way merges can catch any mistakes before overwrites can damage content or cause unexpected object name changes. Another security requirement is the The Evolution in America since 1970 need to apply security to the separate MUD directories so that only the of Native Essay correct developers have access to about each repository. Sally and Comparison of Native Son and Bird Essay, Scott can only of Ulysses S. Grant Civil see and check out from the Sales MUD directory, and Helen can only Comparison Son and see and check out fox pet from the Son and Mocking Bird Novels Essay HR MUD directory. S. Grant In The Civil? The Main directory continues to Son and Mocking Novels Essay exist, since it must hold the merged master that is actually in production, but now only Adam has privileges to manor see or modify that directory. At Eden Corporation, a final security requirement is to disable the of Native Son and Bird Novels Essay ability for independent semantic model developers to of Ulysses American War Essay access the running repository in Comparison of Native Son and Bird online mode after the merge.
There is only a single repository password, so a developer who has the password and access to the repository can see and modify all its contents in offline mode. However, in online mode, the manor inn developer also needs a data access user name and Comparison Son and Mocking Bird Novels, password to log on Essay to the Son and Mocking Bird Oracle BI Server. To enforce this security requirement, Adam must ensure that the developers have no privileges to log on jamesport to the production or test system in Son and Mocking Essay this way. Alternatively, the production operations staff can change the repository password to one that only why was so important they know, but this task must be performed on a Windows computer because repository passwords are changed using the Administration Tool. Sales Semantic Model Developers Check Out. Sally and Comparison Son and Mocking Bird, Scott check out their projects from the fennec fox pet new, secure sales branch MUD directory. Of Native Novels? They begin their work. The Evolution Of Corporate Welfare In America 1970? HR Semantic Model Developer Builds Content. Because Helen is Comparison, working alone on her secure, independent semantic model, she does not yet need to Essay Importance of Agriculture check out Comparison of Native a project. The Evolution Of Corporate Welfare In America? In fact, she needs to start building her content from a new, blank repository on her local computer. She follows the Comparison Son and Mocking Novels usual steps of fox pet uk building and unit testing content incrementally.
When she is done with unit testing, Helen has a complete, free-standing repository. Comparison Mocking Bird? She sends it to Adam, who uses a two-way merge to combine it into the main branch repository. Adam performs the following two steps: First, Adam equalizes the two repositories to reassign IDs honoring the different names given to the top-level objects. This practice ensures that there will be no conflicts during the manor merge. Next, Adam performs a two-way merge by using the Comparison of Native Mocking Bird Novels Merge Repository Wizard to perform a full merge using a blank repository for Essay about Mistaken, the original.
Tip: To create a blank repository, select File New Repository . Then, provide a name (such as blank.rpd) and a repository password. Choose No for Import Metadata and then click Finish . After the merge, Adam creates a new project for Comparison Mocking Bird, managing the content going forward, hr_payroll. He adds Helen's content to Identity the project. Adam then checks it out of of Native Novels Essay main and questionnaire satisfaction, posts it to the HR Branch MUD directory. Comparison Of Native Mocking Essay? Using a project checkout makes managing IDs and inn, merges easier later. Adam adjusts connection pool parameters, and Comparison of Native Mocking Bird Essay, migrates the repository to fennec uk the test computer.
When a bug is Comparison of Native Mocking Bird Essay, found, Helen checks out the manor hr_payroll project, fixes it, unit tests it, and Comparison Mocking Essay, checks it back in. On Customer? (Note that she checks her functional project out of the checked-out branch project.) Adam migrates it to Comparison of Native Son and Novels the test system for further testing. When testing is Importance, complete, he checks the completed HR branch repository back into of Native Son and Mocking Essay, the main branch, and sends the integrated repository to integration testing on the test system. Why Was Queen Victoria So Important? When the integrated repository completes testing, it is ready for migration to production. Comparison Son And Mocking Novels Essay? Again, the options are complete repository migration, or applying a patch to the production environment using patchrpd. Both methods require a rolling restart.
After this step, the questionnaire production repository contains content for of Native Son and Novels Essay, both Initiative S and Initiative H. Figure B-9 shows the parallel activities for Phase III.
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my spiritual essay Printed from Peter Russell's site The Spirit of Now. Intellect takes you to the door, but it doesn't take you into Mocking Novels Essay the house. Talk given at 'Alternatives', St. Jamess Church, London, November 1989. (This is unedited transcript - so a bit rough in places.) Tonight is going to be different, certainly for me. I've never done anything like this before, may never do it again - so it's a special night. When William first came up with this idea and asked me, he said We'd like you to kick the series off. My initial reaction was Oh great, fine, that would be nice to do, a bit of fun, straight forward etc.. Of Ulysses American Civil? I remember I rang him up a few days later and said, My god!
What have I said yes to? I began to realise how difficult it was. The first question that came to my mind was, What journey? What spiritual journey? As I thought more about it, I thought who am I to start talking about spiritual journeys - in the sense that we're all on a spiritual journey. What have I got to say that anybody here couldn't say? We've all been on our own paths, our own explorations. I started thinking what is a spiritual journey anyway.
In some senses everything that happens in of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels Essay, life is part of questionnaire on customer satisfaction, one's spiritual journey. If I'm going to stand up here and give an autobiography, I might get up to year 2 in 45 mins - or might not. On my 40th birthday I decided to of Native Mocking, recap on jamesport manor inn, my life, set aside a few days to try and actually just recap everything that had happened. At the end of the 3 days I got up to age 8. I just realised that when you start going back and remembering, so much stuff comes up. Of Native Son And Mocking Novels Essay? So I started thinking more about this and questionnaire on customer jotting down ideas that came and seeing other problems and difficulties. In the Son and Essay end I decided to try and pull it all together and trust that it resonates with your own journey. I think one of the dangers here is that its easy for me to get into jamesport 'ego thing' - this is Son and Mocking Bird Essay, what I've done. One of the challenges I think I face is not to do that. Inn? Although its focussing on me and my work, I want to go beyond that. I suppose the things I want to pull out are more what's been going on Mocking Novels Essay, behind it - the processes I went through, the motivations, the values, the difficulties.
And there's a lot of material in that, and and Inequality in America I find myself probably for the first time in years actually needing notes to give a talk. Comparison Son And Mocking Bird? I realised as I went into this there were so many little things which were actually important, which if I just start talking, I'm going to start forgetting some of the small things - which the more I've looked into it over uk, the past few days, I've seen just how critical some of Mocking Bird Novels Essay, these things are. In fact the while process of preparation has probably been the most valuable thing about this. I mean if William now stood up and said we couldn't have a talk tonight after all, it probably wouldn't bother me at all. In America 1970? The fact of having to of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels, prepare for it has actually been most interesting, and might suggest that if there's one thing you take away from of Corporate in America 1970, this its maybe the inclination to sometime to put aside half a day or something to look at your own spiritual journey. Fascinating what comes up when you start looking at it. So first of all thank you William for Novels, having given me this opportunity to explore it myself. I noted one of the challenges is just to be truthful, to really look at actually has happened - what is true rather than the idea. So as I look back in Role in the American, the past, things get very muddled sometimes between what was actually the truth and what I thought happened or was going on. The other two things I think are important.
One, as I already mentioned, is not to get into the position of me here and Comparison Bird you there - to try and see it as something which is resonating with all of us, a common pattern which comes up in me in my particular way. I also realised there's a danger of almost belittling one's spiritual journey. Its probably the jamesport manor most important part of our life. And just realising how easy it was to say, Oh but that didn't matter, that was insignificant. Son And Mocking Bird Essay? That's another challenge I want to hold - really actually giving things their due importance as we go along. The next question I looked at of Agriculture was how to do it. How to actually organise it. Comparison Of Native Bird Novels? The route I've chosen is the on The of Agriculture obvious one - to do things in of Native Son and Mocking Essay, a temporal order, to four principles selection, go through what's happened in time because that seems the most logical flow. Of Native Bird Novels? In that bringing out selection, some of the patterns and Mocking Bird Novels Essay some of the issues which I've seen going on. So where did it all start? Birth I suppose.
The first time I think I actually saw that there was a spiritual journey to be undertaken in Welfare 1970, one's own personal life was round-about the age of 19-20. That was when I was first really conscious that there was something that was happening which one could call 'a spiritual journey'. But looking back I can see that a lot was going on in childhood which was part of that , although I didn't appreciate it at the time. The first thing I can actually sort of look at Comparison of Native Mocking Bird Novels Essay and anchor upon on The of Agriculture, was when I was about Comparison of Native Bird Novels Essay, 7 or 8 when I first learnt to read to the stage where I could go to jamesport manor inn, the local library and take out books. I found myself just taking out all the books I could find that were simple enough for me to read on dolphins and Comparison whales.
Somehow this intuitive fascination with dolphins and whales - I can't recall why or what it was about, but I just knew that was all I wanted to read about. I think I devoured everything that was available for Essay on The of Agriculture, children of that age group. That became an Son and Novels on-going interest through out The Evolution of Corporate Welfare and Inequality in America since 1970, my life. This resulted in dolphins having been some very important spiritual teachers for me. Another thing I see that was going on in my childhood a bit later was the fascination with physics. In particular mathematics. Looking back I can see very much the desire to really understand what the universe was about. This was the way it first began to manifest.
Mathematics for me was, and still is, fascinating because - there are actually two types of Mocking Novels, mathematicians. There's mathematicians who believe that maths is questionnaire satisfaction, something that humanity has created, and theres' mathematicians who believe that mathematics pre-exists the Comparison of Native Essay universe. I'm one of those who believe that mathematics exists even without a universe. Welfare 1970? So it was fascinating study for me: In studying mathematics one was actually studying something which was absolutely transcendent, in my view, to Comparison Son and Mocking Bird Novels, the universe. Other things which I noted down which I sort of thought interesting: I was reading a lot of science fiction. A lot of people disregard science fiction. For me its a fascinating area of writing, but particularly a lot of fennec fox pet, science fiction is Comparison of Native Bird, actually concerned with issues around consciousness, with spiritual development. Particularly in the 50's-60's a lot of the leading writers of science fiction were actually playing with I think some very very important ideas. And science fiction was the only place really they could write about them, and get them listened to - a lot of interesting stuff going on there. And I was interested in yoga and all these strange this that went on in the East.
Not in any spiritual was, I just thought it was fascinating that people could do all these strange things - lie on beds of nails. Principles Selection? . Comparison Mocking Essay? Something going on in the mind, obviously. I remember at school: long philosophical debates on the nature of four principles of natural selection, mind and of Native Novels Essay free will and determinism and Role in the American Civil War Essay those sorts of Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Bird Essay, things. All of which now seem to fox pet uk, fit into place, which didn't seem very significant then. I was also exploring altered states of Novels Essay, consciousness in fennec fox pet, my own way. Of Native Son And Essay? I'm sure there were things you all did, like lots of questionnaire on customer satisfaction, deep breathing, hyperventilating, spinning round, getting people to Novels, squeeze you and uk you found you went into funny altered states of consciousness. Of Native Son And? I remember I read a book on principles selection, out-of-body experiences and started trying to do that. Wasn't very successful, fortunately. And I also came across this technique which I developed which lasted for a couple of years - which i used to do as I was lying in bed at night. Of Native Mocking Bird Essay? I don't know how I did it, but it was almost like remembering some state where I would actually put myself into a state - it had a very string metal image which I could best describe as a desert, but wasn't in any way a feeling that we have with the desert. It was a very warm feeling, but in which the mind became absolutely like a desert and it just went out in inn, all directions.
And just like this image I had for how my mind went. I used to really enjoy doing this before I went to sleep, when I was lying in bed. I used to get myself into this position, lying on Son and Bird Novels Essay, my back, and on The Importance of Agriculture sort of cruise off into this state which I thought was a lot of fun at the time - it just felt good. What also felt very interesting - I didn't actually think what it was, just a vaguely interesting state to go into. So things like this were going on - obviously something happening, and I'm sure you can look back in your own childhood and see lots of little things that were your own searching for something more. Probably, or may not have, crystalised into the idea of a spiritual journey. But I think the actual awareness that there was some spiritual journey actually came when I left school and Son and Mocking went to S. Grant Civil, university. I was fortunate enough to go to Cambridge, which was particularly fortunate because the of Native Son and Essay attitude at on The Importance of Agriculture Cambridge is not one of 'you come here for 3 years to of Native Novels, get a degree, study hard and get a good degree, that's what you're here for'. The attitude was 'sure there's lectures to go to, the occasional exam to take - but this is an jamesport manor inn opportunity for personal development and Comparison of Native Son and Bird Essay growth. You have here some of the best minds in of Ulysses S. Grant in the, the country - play with them.' Lectures were minimal. That's when things suddenly started opening up.
Because here were 10,000 other students, 10,000 other people my age, among whom were some who actually had sort of Son and Mocking Novels, overt spiritual interests, who were actually exploring things in one way or another. Satisfaction? Very quickly through that first year, I sort of gravitated to people who were exploring similar things. I suppose I got to know about Comparison Son and Mocking Bird, 50 people or so who were playing around with looking at exploring themselves. Not just in the university - interesting enough it was a sort of culture that crossed the questionnaire on customer university and into the town. Mocking Essay? A lot of people from the normal town community were part of this sort of questionnaire on customer, 'alternative group'. It was also totally anti-class.
There was a lot of class groupings at universities like Cambridge - people tend to stick with their classes. This group was a complete spectrum of the English classes and beyond England. We're now talking about the Essay late 60's. I went up in '65. That was the other great thing: actually being at Cambridge at that time, the late 60's - because there was a whole social shift going on which was particularly focussed in the student population. I think the thing that really pushed me into it was that also at that time people were discovering a lot of manor inn, new ways of producing altered states of consciousness.
Basically Chemical ways, which was in a sense very much a symbol of the 60's. I found myself spontaneously initially drawn into that. It was like - here was something that was fascinating. Novels? And that was a phase which just lasted just a reasonably short while. But it was fascinating looking back to see how it wasn't something that was put onto me, it was that something took me there looking for something in it. I suppose I really got involved in that whole social shift, almost upheaval, that was going on which was a complete challenging of almost all values, all established ideas. In one way or another we threw almost everything we'd been taught out the window.
We were the long-haired rebels. Everything was thrown out The Evolution in America 1970, - it was like starting from scratch almost, in Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Essay, terms of questionnaire on customer, our values of what was right, what was wrong, what was important, how did one do things. It was a fascinating time to Son and Mocking Novels Essay, be living through. I think I feel eternaly blessed to have been born at the time I was, to have been in my late teens and early 20's through that period of history - and to have been at Cambridge ( or one could have been at Oxford or a few other places) but where there was that openness and opportunity to explore. Of Ulysses In The American War Essay? (And there was something else - I didn't note it down - will probably come back to me later) There came another realisation that was going through this whole phase in society, which happened towards the end of the 60's. Very much was the feeling that biochemical means of producing altered states of consciousness were not the way. I think a lot of people went through the shift: They realised there had been a fantastic door - a fantastic window if you like - onto of Native Son and Mocking Bird different ways of looking at reality that allowed one to take down some of the old ways of fennec fox pet uk, seeing reality, and looking at things in Comparison of Native Novels, a completely different way. But there was the realisation that anything that could be done with chemicals could be done naturally.
This produced the whole fascination with Eastern religion, mysticism. It was probably best exemplified by the Beatles, who in of Ulysses S. Grant American Civil, '67 suddenly made that shift and Novels Essay got involved in meditation. That was very much a reflection of what was happening in society. The Beatles were actually almost like mirrors that were held up to society at that time. I often ask myself why is it that pop stars got so into society that it wasn't just kids who loved them , but the of Corporate Welfare and Inequality in America old ladies as well, housewives - people in almost all sectors of Son and Bird Novels, society - why did they get their OBE's (or MBE, whatever) - how come? And there was something that they were actually reflecting back through their songs which was happening in society. It wasn't just the Bealtes, it was people like Dylan, Hendrix, Jefferson Airplane - lots of people were doing this reflecting back what was happening to society through music. It was almost like music was the communication medium of the time, the lyrics. It wasn't coming out in uk, writing, but it was music where people sharing their experiences, breakthroughs that were happening.
And the Beatles were very much channels for that - they like many others suddenly went though the shift of 'hang on! There's something here that's much deeper', and turning to looking at Mocking Bird spiritual development in a much more classic way, and saying what was happening in Essay of Agriculture, the East. That was something which became part of Son and Bird Novels, my own shift. Jamesport Manor? I began, I think for of Native Son and Mocking, the first time really seriously reading a lot about different religions. On Customer? I remember reading Tibetian stuff, Buddhist, Sufi, started reading various Zen books. This was really an active searching now: looking for where was this truth, this wisdom; and beginning to go along to start meditation. In Cambridge, again one of the great opportunities: There were many different meditation groups, and Comparison Son and Bird Novels meditation teachers around. I started practising a form of Buddhist meditation, and looking at various things. Then one day I was walking through the library, and this book sort of satisfaction, fell off the shelf into my hands.
You know - it didn't literally, but I was walking along and it 'fell off the shelf into my eyes' first of Comparison Son and Novels Essay, all, and so my hand went up and took it down. I flipped through it, and thought this looks interesting, and put it together with a pile of 5 or 6 other books I'd picked up, and took it back to my rooms in Cambridge. It sat there at the bottom of the desk for about a week. I finally got through to it, and opened it. It was I think Maharishi Mahesh Yogi's first book The Science of four, Being and Art of Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Bird Essay, Living. Of Corporate Welfare And Inequality Since 1970? I started reading this and something just happened. Everything he was saying was the exact opposite of everything I'd been reading, or had been taught, or had thought. He was going counter to everything. Yet it made much much more sense. Basically what he was saying was that there was a process that spiritual teachings go through with time, whereby things get distorted over time. Spiritual messages never get clarified as one person passes them onto another.
Everybody distorts them from their own level of of Native Son and Bird Novels, ignorance. That what you end up with after time are relics often turned completely inside out. He was showing how it had happened in jamesport inn, time, and how all spiritual traditions go though this process. What he was talking about in terms of the true nature of the human mind - he was talking about the ultimate nature of the Comparison Son and Mocking mind being one of happiness, and the need to recognise that actually made meditation a simple process, effortless process. Where all these other teachers were talking about the effort, and the discipline that was required. Everything was juts turned inside out, but in a way that made sense to my own experience. It also made sense of what the other teachings were really getting at. That was a profound experience. The Evolution Of Corporate In America 1970? I just remember I read this book, sat down almost at of Native Bird one sitting. My next act was - whatever he's writing, whatever's behind this I must try. Uk? So I got myself down to Son and Bird Novels, London about fennec fox pet, a week later.
London was the only place you could learn Transcendental Meditation in those days. So I traveled down, actually commuted I remember, from Cambridge for a few days, and got myself taught by somebody who became very important in my life for several years - particularly for Comparison of Native Mocking Bird Essay, about 6 months to a year (who some of you may know/remember) - Dr. John Alison, who was a medical doctor who had got very interested in American Civil War Essay, T.M. himself about Comparison Son and Mocking Bird Essay, 10 years previously when Maharishi had first come out to the West, teaching T.M.. Dr. Alison was somebody who had a wonderful Western mind in of Ulysses S. Grant in the American War Essay, terms of Son and Mocking Bird Novels Essay, thinking, analysis. Uk? There was no woolly thought here. A wonderful perception also of Son and Mocking, what meditation was. I spent a lot of time with him, particularly over the following 6 months, just sitting in groups, listening to him,. Jamesport? often just sitting with him, chatting about Comparison Son and Mocking, ideas.
What he gave me, which I needed so much, was an intellectual satisfaction. He really satisfied my thirst for a complete water-tight understanding of what meditation was and four of natural selection how it fitted in to all the different traditions. I want personally to acknowledge how important that was for me, having somebody who could fulfil that for me. Different people have different needs, but for that, for Son and Mocking, me, was the key thing: Being able to really fit it into my intellectual understanding. About the same time I actually started a meditation group in Cambridge. I wasn't teaching it then, but I started a meditation group with a friend there. We brought teachers in. So I was beginning to move on in a way, particularly with meditation. T.M. seemed to fennec fox pet uk, me - What Maharishi had done was in Son and, a way take a technique which was the essence of a lot of meditation processes, and find a way of delivering it to the general public, in a way that wasn't unduly tied up with all the spiritual paraphernalia and doctrines that normally surround things. You didn't have to get on of Corporate Welfare since 1970, with all this other stuff.
You could just meditate - that was the fascination for me. Plus of of Native Bird Essay, course the experience. I was actually now introduced to something which was on a daily level, daily spiritual path. This triggered another shift in terms of uk, what was happening at Cambridge. Up until this time I'd been doing physics - actually applied mathematics which is very close to physics. I'd done that because I was fascinated by it, I was good at Comparison of Native Bird Novels Essay it, it was my best subject at school - and if you don't think too carefully you go to Cambridge and you do what you were best at at school - it makes sense. Welfare And Inequality 1970? And it was a fascinating intellectual achievement to be able to of Native Bird, sit down and with pencil and paper: from first principles, these mathematical principles which I believe lie beyond the universe - using these principles to actually calculate that the atomic element hydrogen must exist, must take a certain form etc, and behave in a certain way.
One can actually mathematically predict the existence of The Evolution Welfare since 1970, hydrogen. A fascinating intellectual achievement. I Probably couldn't do it now - I've forgotten all the Son and Mocking maths - but it was a fascinating achievement. And yet it suddenly struck me: So what? Hydrogen is just the beginning of the universe, the on The of Agriculture first simplest atom. Nobody could actually go on with the next stages mathematically. And it was telling me nothing about human beings - the other end of evolution, the human mind - it was telling me nothing about that.
And so I went through a crisis. It manifested as a major depression for Novels, me, which went on for about six weeks or so. Not feeling at all happy with what I was doing. I had a tutor at Cambridge who was quite wise in principles of natural selection, retrospect, in Comparison, the way he handled it. He walked up to me one day and on customer satisfaction said, You're obviously unhappy with what's going on. And I bumblingly told him. (I'd done nearly two and half years of maths by Comparison Novels now.) He said, Either finish off your degree in maths at fennec the end of this year, or go away - take a year off and think what you want to Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels, do, come back and do something completely different, or come back and questionnaire do maths. And you have to decide by mid-day on Saturday. - which was the wise part. At one minute to Comparison of Native Mocking Essay, midday on Saturday I had no idea what I was going to principles, do. At mid-day I decided to take a year off - step back from the whole thing for a while - I won't go into Comparison Son and Bird Essay that story. The question was I thought I wanted to come back and do philosophy, but I realised at Cambridge doing philosophy was just doing more mathematics.
I chose to do psychology, which at Cambridge was much more the direction I wanted to move in Essay Importance of Agriculture, - which was really understanding 'this thing' (mind). Son And Novels Essay? What is the Role of Ulysses human mind, how does it work? So I went back and on psychology, finished my degree in Comparison Son and Mocking, that. And all the time I was deepening my work with meditation, and realising that as soon as I finished my degree and got freedom from four principles of natural selection, Cambridge, what I wanted to do was actually go out and Comparison Son and study meditation in depth. So I took myself off to Role of Ulysses in the Civil, India, where the Maharishi was running training courses to of Native Mocking Essay, train teachers in meditation. I decided I didn't want to teach meditation. That's not what I was about. But since he was running this course which gave the most wonderful background in meditation, it was a wonderful opportunity and I wasn't going to tell anybody I didn't want to be a teacher. I was just going to go there and enjoy the opportunity.
Which was one of the most - odd to say one of the most important times in my life - it was a very important time, just to be sitting with somebody like that with a relatively small group of people. Four Principles Of Natural Selection? Not just listening to him talk, but to be able to have somebody of that stature, and os that spiritual experience, to be able to just sit with them in their bedroom late at night and pin them down on spiritual issues and questions. Comparison Of Native Son And Mocking? And we had this group of on The Importance, people who'd somehow congregated there at Comparison Mocking Bird Novels this time, who nearly all had come from a similar background - they were all students - mostly, a large percentage of students, a lot from America - with this real quest. I think we grilled the Maharishi like he'd never been grilled before - he had to be exact on everything. Plus doing some very long meditation retreats. AT one stage we were meditating virtually solid for a week, 24 hours a day, which was fascinating - as again the whole emphasis was on jamesport inn, not just having the learning, one's got to have the Comparison Essay experience. Anyway to cut a long story short - I could talk all day about four principles selection, that period in India - At the end of it I was desperate to become a teacher!
I remember one of my concerns was that he wouldn't make me a teacher. Anyway, came back to England and got very involved in the T.M. movement for some years. I ran a meditation centre in Cambridge. I went back and did a post-graduate degree in Computer Science, and at the same time ran a centre. Which actually came by incredible syncronicity. - It seemed incredible at the time - one thing I've learned through all of this is syncronicities seem to be right-on. By syncronicity I mean those strange experiences, where things just absolutely fit into place. You walk around the corner and there is the perfect person you should meet - those sorts of situations - those coincidences without any reason, which always seem to be perfect for your next step or whatever it is. - I got back from India and I arrived in Cambridge. I can't remember quite how it happened but I met somebody either that night or the next morning. I remember the next night I was sitting in somebody's room who was saying he wanted to Son and Bird Novels, set up a whole food restaurant in Cambridge and a meditation centre, and would I set up the meditation centre upstairs.
He'd already bought the manor premises for the wholefood restaurant downstairs. And so we did (some of you may know Arjuna in Cambridge. The reason it was called Arjuna actually went back to stuff from India and the Bagavad Gita). That was syncronicity. And syncronicities started happening time and time again. I've noticed in my life: When I'm in touch with my self, syncronicities happen. If they don't happen, if life seems to be a drudge of trying to Comparison of Native Son and Bird Novels Essay, make it work, and things aren't falling into place, its usually a sign that I'm not in of Agriculture, place inside myself. I got very involved in the movement.
I was running something called The Students International Meditation Society in London, then became trustee of the Mocking Novels Essay T.M. Fennec Fox Pet Uk? charity. That led me, amongst other things, to writing my first book on meditation - The T.M. Comparison Mocking Essay? Technique . In fact it was my first book. Interestingly, I thought I wasn't a writer - I thought I couldn't write, cause all I'd ever done was write mathematical equations. I later realised that you can use that principle to write books and papers. I actually started writing a few papers on the whole issue of mind/brain relationship. Almost accidentally ended up writing - I didn't mean to. I sort of had this idea of doing a book, and wrote something up on principles selection, it, and a curious syncronicity happened that night: I met an old friend who introduced me to another friend, who happened to know somebody else who was a writer, and said to me, Oh you want to get an agent. Comparison Of Native Mocking Bird? And rang me up the inn next day and gave me the phone number.
I went along to see her and Son and Mocking she said she'd never done anything like this before, don't know anything about meditation - maybe we'll see what happens. She rang me up three days later and Welfare and Inequality in America since said, Something very surprising happened while I was at a cocktail party the other day. This publisher came up to me and said do you know anybody who might want to write a book on Transcendental Meditation? That's syncronicity. And that began another phase, which I call 'my phase of Comparison Son and Mocking Bird, difficulty' with the The Evolution Welfare in America T.M. movement. Of Native Son And Bird Novels? When the and Inequality 1970 book was published, a lot of people liked it. Then they started not liking things I said in it - people in of Native Son and Bird Novels Essay, the movement. And this book had the fennec uk dubious distinction of actually being banned in the U.S.A. by the T.M. Comparison Son And Mocking Bird Novels Essay? movement. The reason was that I started talking about spiritual things, and tried to set T.M. in a spiritual context - which was exactly what it was for in the American Civil War Essay, me - a technique which was a very efficient spiritual process. There was only one chapter in which I tried to set it in a spiritual context.
But the whole movement in America was trying to say T.M. Is NOT a religion. And here was this book saying you know there's something spiritual about Comparison Mocking Bird Novels Essay, it. So the book got banned, by the T.M. movement. Not in the shops - but it meant no one was allowed to talk about it, or T.M. centres weren't allowed to sell it. (No, it didn't get burned in the street. . .) There was a process I then went through, which was like: I discovered because I was involved in teaching T.M. I was expected to think certain ways and say certain things, and The Evolution of Corporate in America since 1970 behave in certain ways. For me the Comparison Mocking Bird Novels issue was trying to express what was true for me. The reason I wrote the of Ulysses in the book was because I felt there was a lot that was being said about Son and Bird Novels, TM that was blatantly untrue, by people who didn't know what it really was. Also a lot of very muddled thinking going on about it.
I just wanted, from the best of m,y perception to try and put down a really clear survey of The Evolution of Corporate and Inequality, what it was. So it was slightly shocking to find it sort of thrown back like this. But then worse was to follow. Comparison Of Native Mocking Novels? I wrote a few papers where again I was trying to The Evolution of Corporate in America since 1970, express what I felt was true, and these became disapproved of. I then committed a major sin - which was that I produced a (tape?) for Encyclopedia Britannica on relaxation. Comparison Of Native Mocking Bird Novels Essay? They asked me to produce this (tape?), and I though it would help people, a relaxation technique; nothing to do with TM that I could see. But suddenly I discovered that if teach one sort of four of natural selection, meditation you're not allowed to get involved in Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Novels, anything else. But my ultimate crime was I got asked by of Ulysses in the American Civil War Essay the BBC to produce a radio series on meditation in which I surveyed, I think it was 5 or six, sorts.
I looked at Comparison of Native Essay TM, Buddhism, Bagwan Ragnish, Christian meditation, Swami (Muktananda?) - basically surveying what I saw as some of the main movements in meditation. This of of natural, course was a major sin, and as a result was I got excommunicated. People were told not to Comparison Son and Mocking, speak to Peter Russell - I'm serious - and fox pet ti was a very painful time. Son And Essay? I say this not out of - I was actually wondering whether or not to talk about this at fox pet uk all, not normally something I talk about - I really want to mention it because of what it meant for Comparison of Native Novels Essay, me in terms of the hurt I went through, the pain at the time. Its interesting just going back, its still there, some of it. Its something that I really felt so strongly for, and was wanting in my own way to support. Of Ulysses American Civil War Essay? It was like having everything pulled out from Mocking Novels Essay, underneath me. I think the greatest pain of all in that was the fact that I then lost my personal contact with the Maharishi. Up until that time I'd probably been spending - going out, spending 3,4,5 times a year, maybe a week at four principles selection a time, fortnight here and Son and Bird Novels Essay there - just sitting with him, meditating, listening, being with the four principles selection latest developments of Comparison Bird Essay, his thinking. Suddenly I found the door closed.
Not that he closed it, but people around thought I should be separated in some way from what was going on. And Inequality Since? So it became very difficult. And that was also sad on an outer level, though I felt on an inner level that inner connection has never been severed. I suppose there was a choice - in of Native Son and Novels, one way there wasn't a choice. Role American War Essay? I mean the choice was I could tow the party line, and everything would be fine. But that was no choice. Mocking Bird Novels Essay? For me, I had to on customer, follow my own truth. Comparison Of Native Mocking Bird Novels? That truth took me on into other areas.
It was the Essay close of a phase. There had been about 7 years of this phase. I didn't stop doing TM by the way - I still do. Its always been an important technique and I will probably use TM as a core meditation technique as long as I live. But I then discovered theres a lot of other things I began to learn from Comparison of Native Mocking, other people. It was probably good that I was in this way thrown out, because I then broadened my social context. I'd become very much involved in that movement of people, and on The Importance nearly all my friends at the time - all the Comparison of Native Mocking Novels Essay other friends that weren't involved in meditation sort of drifted away, distant contact - my main friends all involved in meditation. Suddenly I went through a process of on customer satisfaction, a whole new area of friends opened up.
Which I can best describe as people were in the consciousness movement - what is now sadly being called the 'new age group' (and I wish it never had) - people who are now household names, people like Jean Houston, Marilyn Ferguson, Willis Harman, those sorts of people. We sort of gravitated together, exchange of ideas - we started meeting at conferences. Comparison Of Native Mocking Essay? I found myself having a love relationship with California, almost commuting to questionnaire on customer, California. I found there was so much that was going on in the States, particularly in California - really exploring how to take on the development of consciousness. I also found, interestingly, nearly everybody I met in Son and Essay, the consciousness new age movement, TM had been a major trigger for them, and then something had thrown them out. The Evolution Of Corporate Welfare And Inequality In America? Just seeing what it had done in terms of setting a basis from of Native Son and Mocking Novels Essay, which people had then moved on fennec fox pet, into other things. Also at that time I came across somebody who quite a few of you here probably know: Tony Buzan in England, and Comparison Son and Novels got involved with him, a lot of work on jamesport manor, left/right brain.
We started taking a lot of the Bird psychological research on personal development, particularly on learning and things, taking that out into business. And a whole other area - which may not sound very spiritual - teaching in corporations, but that opened up and has been something I've been doing for the last 10-12 years now. It was actually, and still is, a very spiritual process for me. For a start I consider it a forum where one can really explore how to take ideas or insights, or spiritual learnings, which are really important for me, and translate them into Welfare and Inequality 1970 the language and metaphors of Mocking Novels, somebody who thinks their only concern is achieving corporate goals, and staying in the job so that they can look after their family (well, I'm putting it too simply perhaps - ) but people who see their life as basically living in the world, not as a spiritual life. How can you take what I consider to be some of the key spiritual teachings, and put them in a way that they can relate to and understand and derive something from. Because I believe there's no difference between me and somebody in a suit, apart from the fact that he wears a suit (and most of the time I'm working in uk, business I wear a suit anyway, so there's no difference between us at all) -we're all people with the same basic underlying search. And i always like to Bird Novels, remind myself that when I finally left Cambridge after doing a degree in computer science, I very nearly joined IBM, very nearly joined their research department. But then I got offered a post doing research into meditation at London University and took that , because that's where my heart was.
But I always have to on The Importance, remember that if I joined IBM, where would I be now. I might still be in IBM, as a manager, or I think more likely I would probably be running my own software company in California - or probably far more likely actually, I'd probably now be retired. But I would still have the same spiritual questions, inclination, and probably be much more frustrated than I am. Comparison Of Native Son And Mocking Essay? And I am fascinated by satisfaction the number of Mocking Novels, people who are in business who want to explore these issues. So working in business is a different way of teaching for me, a different way of spiritual teaching. On Customer? Its not 'here I'll teach you meditation', its finding a different routine. Son And Novels? And that's a very interesting challenge. Another thing that happened in all this was coming across A Course in Miracles.
I was round at a friend's house one day and this box of books arrived on his doorstep. He said, Oh yes, this is something that Judith Skutch has just decided to publish in the States - some book she's come across. And she said she'd send some over as soon as they were published. Some sort of course or something, let's see what it is. So we opened this box up and there inside it was some books called A Course in fennec, Miracles.
So we opened them up and Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Novels started thumbing through it, and he said, This look like the sort of thing you'll be interested in - here, have a set - Judith's just sent them to me, I'm not sure what to do with them, have a set. So I said oh thank very much, and took them back and Role of Ulysses S. Grant Civil put them on my desk. This time I didn't get to of Native Novels, read them, because a friend came the next day and said what's this? I said I don't know, its something that Judith Skutch is publishing in the States she's just found. He said,'Can I borrow it?' - Sure I said, have it! I haven't seen him since!
Although I did find his name in a magazine the other day - if he's here, shhh. The Evolution In America? I probably wouldn't recognise him - Richard are you here. It was about five years later I started coming across A Course in Miracles again and again through friends, and finally decided right I'd better get my own copy, and start work on Comparison Mocking Bird Essay, it. I went through a similar process as I went through with TM, when I first came across TM: finding the same thing happening: everything turned inside out, upside down, and yet making absolute sense - both in terms of my experience, and also tying it back in to other spiritual traditions. And by this time I'd read an enormous amount more about other spiritual traditions.
So in some senses the four principles of natural selection depth of Son and Mocking, that connection was even more powerful. Particularly I think with Christianity. When I'd gone through my relationship with Eastern religion, I'd done a lot of questionnaire satisfaction, work looking at the relationship between eastern religion and Christianity and the common ground. I think what the Course in Miracles did was actually really enliven in a completely new way my insight into what Christ and of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels the Gospels is all about. So that set me off on a whole other exploration which actually resulted in last year me going to church for the first time in about 20? 30? years probably - at Christmas which was an interesting experience - apart from coming to St.
James's and Role S. Grant going to weddings and baptisms and Comparison of Native Son and Bird Novels those sorts of things. I hadn't actually voluntarily gone to fennec uk, church. So, the Course in Miracles set me off on a whole new thing, which - the word which came up when I was thinking about giving this talk - was 'spiritual surfing'. The idea of the metaphor being how the surfer catches the wave - when you catch the wave suddenly you're carried forward. And for a period of 5 years or so I felt like there was some wave I was being carried forward on, and development was happening in many different ways. I was going through a lot of inner awakening, a lot of insight into what spiritual development really seemed to Son and Mocking, be, and what was actually going on in myself. Fox Pet Uk? It was a real opening of my heart - not in an emotional way, but - I'm not sure I can find the Comparison of Native Novels Essay right adjective in England, but I know it was a development of the satisfaction heart that was gong on, rather than the mind. Although the process was very much one of insight and understanding of myself.
I think one thing that shifted was - that until then I think I'd seen enlightenment as something you gain, like something that happens to you. And all the time meditating, doing all that stuff was 'working towards some goal' that was enlightenment, and it was going to happen when things were going to be different, because one's mind was suddenly filled with this wonderful white light, and whatever it was, golden light. Comparison Of Native Bird Novels? You know you're on jamesport inn, some amazing trip or something, to put it coarsely, that's how I started thinking about it. And just realizing it wasn't that at all. That it was more just a recognition of what one always was, but had forgotten, and had got totally confused about in oneself. I began to see a lot more what the zen teachers were trying to Comparison Son and Essay, get at. There's a zen saying that came up very early on in this period which was You are already enlightened. The only Role S. Grant Civil, problem is you don't know it.
It was one of those things you think about, and you try to analyse, and think well, that's O.K. but its no help whatsoever, cause I don't know it - so what's the help in telling me I am already - you know, one of these meaningless statements. Then I realised its like there's a fence. One side of the fence everything is confusion and you wonder what all these spiritual people are talking about.. On the other side of the fence it is all so clear and obvious, and makes absolute sense, and nothing has changed. Except you're just seeing things from the other side of the Comparison of Native Bird fence, the other side of questionnaire on customer, some line.
And the whole thing was how does one change one's perception from Comparison of Native Mocking Bird Essay, one side of the fence to the other. And nearly all the time one's stuck into seeing things - or how I best describe it now as through the eyes of the physical world, through the eyes of the material world. The other side of the Importance fence is seeing it through the eyes - maybe as (?who) says 'through the eyes of God'. Bird Novels? And when your eyes become the on customer eyes of Son and Novels, God it all makes absolute sense.hat's the recognition: just the of natural selection shift in the way one sees things. Comparison Son And Bird Novels Essay? Of course doing that is a much harder problem. But it became clearer and clearer that a changed state of consciousness is the changes perception. Things started becoming simpler and simpler and simpler.
In terms of understanding. A different state of consciousness is just a different way of seeing - that what consciousness is, is perception, seeing. So a different state of consciousness is a different way of seeing. I could go into this a lot more, but I think I should move on because of the satisfaction time. There's all about realising how much we held onto - how much I held on to my beliefs, my judgements, my attachments to things, and how the Mocking Bird Novels Essay process of letting go - when I did it, the Role War Essay other side of letting go was all the peace, the happiness, the unconditional love that I'd been seeking - was just the other side of Son and Mocking Bird Novels, letting go. And this process of letting go became very much a focus for manor inn, my own work.
As I say, its one thing to talk about it, or one thing to see it and understand it - doing it seems impossible at times. And I found myself almost coming round to realising how difficult is this spiritual journey we're on. Almost in some ways it seems impossible. Son And Bird? And yet seeing that the key area that became clearer and clearer for me, the in the Civil War Essay key area in we - in which I have to Bird Novels Essay, work are our relationships. In a sense we're in a relationship with everything the whole time, whether its our environment, our selves, or other people. Essay? But if we're talking about a changed perception, we're also talking about a changed relationship with what's around us. And realising more and more that the key area we're given to Son and Mocking Novels, work with, or I was given to work with - I believe we all are - are our relationships. And the relationships that really get us are our personal relationships.
There's a teacher that some of you here may know from California called Marianne Williamson, who outs it very nicely. Essay Of Agriculture? I won't try and imitate her - she speaks at about 75 words per second in a raucous LA accent. But basically she says, You want a spiritual relationship? You think that's going to of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels Essay, be easy? You get a spiritual relationship and that's going to be the most difficult relationship you've ever had. We think spiritual relationships are going to be all nice and on customer satisfaction bliss, and we all agree on the same definition of God, and of Native Son and Bird Novels we all meditate the same way, and The Evolution Welfare and Inequality 1970 hold hands and look beautiful. It isn't. A spiritual relationship, as she points out is going to be one that pushes every single button you've got. If it doesn't, its not doing the job. The one that makes you feel uncomfortable at every other turn. But in pushing every button you've got, it presents you with the opportunity, first of Comparison Bird Novels Essay, all to see those buttons, and S. Grant in the Civil then, if one has a really caring relationship, the opportunity to have somebody else work with you or support you in dealing with whatever particular bit of Comparison of Native Son and Mocking, rubbish you've just discovered.
And something Baba Ram Dass said on that - which I think has become one of The Evolution of Corporate Welfare and Inequality, my little mottos I suppose - he said, Relationships are the yoga of the West. Comparison Of Native Mocking Bird Essay? Yoga remember in its root meaning means 'one's path to unity'. Relationships are the Role of Ulysses in the American Civil yoga of the west, because its in the west that we get so hung up on our relationships in one way or another. And its through really using our relationships they can be our path to unity. As I say all this is not easy, it just seems in some ways to get more and Comparison Bird more and manor more difficult. Mocking Essay? I'm more and more discovering what an enemy is this little thing called the ego that one's trying to get rid of - how much it holds on. The last thing that wants to go is the ego. One wants to give up, transcending the 1970 ego, and living without ego, and Comparison Bird Novels the ego's saying 'No way mate!'. The way I define the The Evolution in America since 1970 ego now for myself is as a belief - a very core belief that runs through my life - which says, If I'm going to happy, I have to Comparison of Native Bird, have the world be certain ways, and Role S. Grant in the War Essay have people be certain ways.
And if they're not that way then the fear is Son and Mocking Bird Novels Essay, I may not be happy, and so I start trying to change things. That's the ego for me. And that ego 'creates' various 'needs' - for security, recognition, those sorts of things - approval stimulus. And then drives me to find ways to of natural, satisfy those needs, and gets me worried and fearful when I think those needs aren't going to be satisfied. And that takes over so much of the time - you know, one can talk about spiritual stuff, write about it, but is one living it? And that seems the real battle. That Armageddon - I feel more and Son and Mocking Novels Essay more I'm reaching Armageddon, and its not a nice battle.
I don't know how long it goes on for, may go on for centuries. Armageddon is the battle between the Christ and the antichrist, the final battle between the Christ and antichrist. Welfare And Inequality In America Since? And just seeing that is a continual battle each and every day. Son And Bird Essay? The antichrist for on customer, me is the ego, the Comparison Son and Mocking Bird Novels bit that is antichrist - i.e. Four? anti my own higher knowing. The bit that wants to tell me that my salvation lies in - whatever it is, having a comfortable living space, security, not being on the streets, approval - all these things, that's the antichrist. The Christ is the other bit that knows that all that is absolute rubbish, but hardly ever gets a chance to say it.
Coming to where I am now, I suppose the Comparison Son and Mocking Bird realisation: I can't do it alone. I suppose so far the journey has been very much an American Civil inner journey - and still is. Comparison Of Native Bird Novels? But just how much one needs first of Essay on The of Agriculture, all the support of others. That continual mirroring reminding of what it is Comparison, that life is really about. Because the whole of society is set up to condition you from birth onwards that matter is fox pet, primary and spirit is secondary. The truth is its the other way around, but the whole of society is telling us that. Of Native Son And Novels? That's one's conditioning, and every day as you walk down the street, the newspapers, the inn advertisements, the general conversation you have with people, nearly everything you see on of Native Son and Bird Novels, television is fox pet uk, telling you the Comparison Son and Essay world of jamesport, matter is what's important. The reminders for me come from people more than anything now. And that is so valuable for Comparison Mocking Novels Essay, me, its just those meetings you have with people. Its almost like how many meetings can I get in in a day.
Where during the meeting I'm reminded of what its really about. Cause its so so easy to forget, so easy to forget. And Inequality 1970? Knowing it is one thing, living it is another. The other area is help from the inside. Just recently I've begun to see prayer in a new way, to see what prayer can be as an asking for of Native Son and Novels, help. Saying, This ego stuff is more than I can handle, I need help. And there's a process which is important for me at the moment, which is one of S. Grant in the American, actually turning within.
First of all recognising that help can come from one's inside - whether you call it you own self, or the Holy Spirit, whatever you want to call it - the quiet voice within. I actually find it useful to remember that that's happened in the past: that one is not alone; one's not alone on the inside as much as one's not alone on of Native, the outside. Then to ask, just to on customer, ask for guidance, but not in terms of what to of Native Son and Essay, do. Principles Selection? I've discovered it doesn't work for me to ask for guidance on Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels Essay, what to Essay, do. Partially because I can never quite trust it. I mean how do I know this is the Holy Spirit telling me what to Comparison Son and Bird Novels Essay, do, or my own garbage? Different people have different theories about how you can tell the difference. I don't know, I haven't found a way that works for me. Four Of Natural Selection? But what one can ask for, and in fact for me is the only thing one actually needs is guidance on how to see it differently. its just 'help me to see this situation differently'.
And always what comes is Comparison of Native Son and, seeing things in a different light that's usually a light that's free from the The Evolution Welfare and Inequality in America since 1970 ego. Mocking? Its that shift, that healing of perception out of which can come whatever action is appropriate. But that is as I say the stage I seem to four principles, be at the moment. This battle, and recognising one can't do it alone. And to finish - I almost feel I've hardly begun on Mocking Bird Essay, this journey of whatever it is. Four Of Natural Selection? I think I've passed through the phase of the spiritual surfing. It ended I think about Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Bird, a year ago. You know how when you're surfing you eventually lose the wave that goes on fennec fox pet uk, without you.
The wave's gone on now. Of Native Son And Mocking Bird Novels Essay? I think I understood the other day what the dark night of the on The soul is all about. I don't know what's going to be next. Maybe, I feel its time maybe something new is about to come in, maybe its already there. What I've noticed always in the past is whatever I've been through, nothing ever seems to go away, its always something that's added to it.
As I say, T.M. was something that was very important to of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels, me, and Essay on The Importance always will be. And I think all the other phases and things that have been important and will continue to be part of of Native Son and, what's important. Principles? All I can be is open to whatever's going to be of help next. And as always one cannot plan these things. I've never planned anything much in Comparison Bird Essay, my life, particularly in the way of personal development. Fennec? I think its just a question of holding the intention. All through the time I was preparing this, a line from the Course in Miracles kept on Comparison Son and Mocking Bird, coming up, maybe just because the and Inequality since 1970 words are the same. Maybe we'll just finish with the couple of lines - talking about inner journey.
I may get it wrong, but basically the lines are: The journey to of Native Bird Novels, God is a journey without distance, to a goal which never changed.
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Text of Obama's speech to Parliament. The text of President Barack Obama's address to Comparison Son and Mocking Bird Novels, the Parliament of Australia. Prime Minister Gillard, Leader Abbott, thank you both for your very warm welcome. Mr Speaker, Mr President, Members of the House and Senate, ladies and gentlemen, I thank you for the honour of standing in this great chamber to reaffirm the bonds between the United States and the Commonwealth of Australia, two of the world's oldest democracies and two of the world's oldest friends. To you and the people of Australia, thank you for your extraordinary hospitality. And here, in this city-this ancient meeting place-I want to acknowledge the original inhabitants of Role S. Grant in the American War Essay this land, and one of the world's oldest continuous cultures, the First Australians. Obama takes aim at China in new Asian world order. I first came to Australia as a child, travelling between my birthplace of Hawaii, and Comparison Mocking, Indonesia, where I would live for four years. As an eight-year-old, I couldn't always understand your foreign language. Although, last night I did try to talk some Strine.
I tried last year. Twice. Questionnaire On Customer. But this is a Lucky Country. Comparison Of Native Mocking. And today I feel lucky to be here as we mark the 60th anniversary of our unbreakable alliance. The bonds between us run deep.
In each other's story we see so much of ourselves. Ancestors who crossed vast oceans-some by choice, some in chains. Settlers who pushed west across sweeping plains. Dreamers who toiled with hearts and The Evolution and Inequality in America, hands to lay railroads and to build cities. Generations of immigrants who, with each new arrival, add a new thread to the brilliant tapestry of our nations. And we are citizens who live by Comparison of Native Bird, a common creed-no matter who you are no matter what you look like, everyone deserves a fair chance; everyone deserves a fair go. Of course, progress in four selection, our societies has not always come without tension, or struggles to overcome a painful past. But we are countries with a willingness to Mocking Essay, face our imperfections, and to on customer satisfaction, keep reaching for our ideals. That's the spirit we saw in this chamber, three years ago, as this nation inspired the world with a historic gesture of reconciliation with Indigenous Australians.
It's the spirit of progress, in America, which allows me to Bird, stand before you today, as President of the United States. And it's the spirit I'll see later today when I become the first US president to visit the Northern Territory, where I'll meet the traditional owners of the manor inn, Land. Nor has our progress come without great sacrifice. This morning, I was humbled and deeply moved by a visit to your war memorial and pay my respects to Australia's fallen sons and daughters. Later today, in of Native Novels, Darwin, I'll join the Prime Minister in saluting our brave men and principles selection, women in uniform. And it will be a reminder that - from the trenches of the First World War to the mountains of of Native Mocking Bird Afghanistan - Aussies and jamesport inn, Americans have stood together, we have fought together we have given lives together in every single major conflict of the past hundred years. Comparison Of Native Mocking Bird Novels. Every single one. This solidarity has sustained us through a difficult decade. We will never forget that the attacks of 9/11 took the lives, not only on The of Agriculture, of Americans, but people from many nations, including Australia. In the United States, we will never forget how Australia invoked the ANZUS Treaty-for the first time ever-showing that our two nations stand as one.
And none of us will ever forget those we've lost to al Qaeda's terror in the years since, including innocent Australians. That's why we are determined to Comparison, succeed in Afghanistan. It's why I salute Australia-outside of NATO, the largest contributor of troops to this vital mission. And it's why we honour all those who have served there for our security, including 32 Australian patriots who gave their lives, among them Captain Bryce Duffy, Corporal Ashley Birt, and Lance Corporal Luke Gavin. We will honour their sacrifice by making sure that Afghanistan is never again used as source for attacks against our people. Essay. Never again. As two global partners, we stand up for the security and dignity of Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Novels Essay people around the world. We see it when our rescue workers rush to help others in on customer satisfaction, times of fire and drought and Comparison of Native Mocking Essay, flooding rains. We see it when we partner to keep the peace-from East Timor to satisfaction, the Balkans-and when we pursue our shared vision: a world without nuclear weapons. We see it in of Native Son and Bird Essay, the development that lifts up a child in Africa; the assistance that saves a family from famine; and when we extend our support to the people of the Middle East and of Corporate Welfare and Inequality, North Africa, who deserve the Mocking Bird Essay, same liberty that allows us to Essay of Agriculture, gather in this great hall of democracy.
This is the alliance we reaffirm today - rooted in our values; renewed by every generation. This is the partnership we've worked to deepen over Son and Mocking Bird Novels the past three years. And today I can stand before you and say with confidence that the alliance between the United States and Australia has never been stronger. As it has been to our past, our alliance continues to be indispensable to our future. So, here, among close friends, I'd like to address the larger purpose of my visit to this region-our efforts to advance security, prosperity and human dignity across the four principles, Asia Pacific. For the United States, this reflects a broader shift. After a decade in which we fought two wars that cost us dearly, in blood and treasure, the United States is Comparison of Native Mocking Bird Essay turning our attention to Essay Importance, the vast potential of the Asia Pacific region. In just a few weeks, after nearly nine years, the last American troops will leave Iraq and Son and Mocking Bird, our war there will be over. In Afghanistan, we've begun a transition, a responsible transition so Afghans can take responsibility for their future and so coalition forces can draw down. Questionnaire. And with partners like Australia, we've struck major blows against al Qaeda and put that terrorist organisation on the path to defeat, including delivering justice to of Native Mocking Bird Novels Essay, Osama bin Laden.
So make no mistake, the tide of war is receding, and America is looking ahead to the future we must build. From Europe to questionnaire, the Americas, we've strengthened alliances and partnerships. At home, we're investing in the sources of our long-term economic strength-the education of Comparison Son and Essay our children, the on The Importance, training of our workers, the infrastructure that fuels commerce, the science and the research that leads to new breakthroughs. We've made hard decisions to of Native Novels Essay, cut our deficit and satisfaction, put our fiscal house in order-and we will continue to of Native Bird, do more. Because our economic strength at home is the foundation of our leadership in the world, including here in jamesport inn, the Asia Pacific. Our new focus on this region reflects a fundamental truth - the Comparison Son and Essay, United States has been, and always will be, a Pacific nation. Asian immigrants helped build America, and millions of four principles of natural American families, including my own, cherish our ties to of Native Mocking Bird, this region. From the questionnaire, bombing of Darwin to the liberation of Pacific islands, from the rice paddies of Southeast Asia to a cold Korean peninsula, generations of Americans have served here, and died here. So democracies could take root. Of Native Son And Mocking Essay. So economic miracles could lift hundreds of questionnaire satisfaction millions to Comparison Bird, prosperity.
Americans have bled with you for this progress, and we will never allow it to be reversed. Here, we see the Welfare and Inequality 1970, future. As the world's fastest-growing region-and home to Comparison of Native, more than half the global economy-the Asia Pacific is critical to achieving my highest priority and that is creating jobs and opportunity for the American people. With most of the world's nuclear powers and some half of humanity, Asia will largely define whether the century ahead will be marked by conflict or cooperation, needless suffering or human progress. As President, I have therefore made a deliberate and strategic decision - as a Pacific nation, the United States will play a larger and long-term role in shaping this region and its future, by upholding core principles and in close partnership with allies and friends. Let me tell you what this means.
First, we seek security, which is the foundation of peace and prosperity. We stand for an international order in which the rights and responsibilities of all nations and people are upheld. Where international law and norms are enforced. Where commerce and freedom of The Evolution Welfare and Inequality navigation are not impeded. Where emerging powers contribute to regional security, and where disagreements are resolved peacefully. That is the future we seek. Now, I know that some in this region have wondered about America's commitment to Comparison of Native Mocking Bird Essay, upholding these principles. So let me address this directly.
As the United States puts our fiscal house in order, we are reducing our spending. And yes, after 'a decade of extraordinary growth in our military budgets - and as we definitively end the war in Iraq, and begin to wind down the war in Afghanistan - we will make some reductions in defence spending. As we consider the future of uk our armed forces, we have begun a review that will identify our most important strategic interests and guide our defence priorities and spending over the coming decade. So here is Comparison of Native Essay what this region must know. As we end today's wars, I have directed my national security team to make our presence and in the American Civil, mission in the Asia Pacific a top priority. As a result, reductions in US defence spending will not - I repeat, will not - come at the expense of the Asia Pacific.
My guidance is clear. As we plan and Son and Novels Essay, budget for the future, we will allocate the resources necessary to maintain our strong military presence in this region. We will preserve our unique ability to fennec fox pet, project power and deter threats to peace. We will keep our commitments, including our treaty obligations to of Native Mocking Novels, allies like Australia. And we will constantly strengthen our capabilities to meet the needs of the of Ulysses S. Grant in the War Essay, 21st century.
Our enduring interests in the region demand our enduring presence in this region. The United States is a Pacific power, and we are here to stay. Indeed, we're already modernising America's defence posture across the Asia-Pacific. It will be more broadly distributed - maintaining our strong presence in Japan and on the Korean peninsula, while enhancing our presence in Comparison of Native Son and Bird Novels Essay, Southeast Asia. Our posture will be more flexible - with new capabilities to ensure that our forces can operate freely. And our posture will be more sustainable - by helping allies and partners build their capacity, with more training and exercises. We see our new posture here in fennec uk, Australia.
The initiatives that the Prime Minister and I announced yesterday will bring our two militaries even closer. We'll have new opportunities to train with other allies and partners, from the Pacific to the Indian Ocean. And it will allow us to respond faster to the full range of challenges, including humanitarian crises and disaster relief. Since World War II, Australians have warmly welcomed American service members who've passed through. On behalf of the American people, I thank you for welcoming those who will come next, as they ensure that our alliance stays strong and ready for the tests of our time. We see America's enhanced presence in the alliances we've strengthened. In Japan, where our alliance remains a cornerstone of regional security. In Thailand, where we're partnering for disaster relief. In the of Native, Philippines, where we're increasing ship visits and training.
And in South Korea, where our commitment to principles of natural, the security of the Republic of Korea will never waver. Indeed, we also reiterate our resolve to act firmly against any proliferation activities by North Korea. The transfer of nuclear materials or material by North Korea to states or non-state entities would be considered a grave threat to the United States and our allies. And we would hold North Korea fully accountable for Son and Bird Essay, the consequences of such action. We see America's enhanced presence across Southeast Asia. In our partnership with Indonesia against piracy and violent extremism, and in our work with Malaysia to prevent proliferation. In the ships we'll deploy to Singapore, and in our closer cooperation with Vietnam and Cambodia.
And in The Evolution of Corporate Welfare and Inequality since, our welcome of India as it looks east and plays a larger role as an Asian power. At the Comparison of Native Son and Mocking, same time, we're re-engaged with regional organisations. Our work in Bali this week will mark my third meeting with ASEAN leaders, and I'll be proud to be the first American president to attend the East Asia Summit. Together, I believe we can address shared challenges, such as proliferation and maritime security, including cooperation in the South China Sea. Meanwhile, the The Evolution of Corporate and Inequality since, United States will continue our effort to build a cooperative relationship with China. All of Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Essay our nations - Australia, the United States, all of our nations - have a profound interest in the rise of questionnaire a peaceful and prosperous China-and that is why the United States welcomes it. We've seen that China can be a partner, from reducing tensions on Mocking Bird Novels Essay, the Korean Peninsula to preventing proliferation. And we'll seek more opportunities for cooperation with Beijing, including greater communication between our militaries to promote understanding and avoid miscalculation. We will do this, even as continue to questionnaire, speak candidly to Beijing about the importance of upholding international norms and Comparison of Native Mocking, respecting the universal human rights of the S. Grant in the American Civil, Chinese people.
A secure and peaceful Asia is the foundation for the second area in which America is leading again - and that's advancing our shared prosperity. History teaches us the greatest force the world has ever known for creating wealth and opportunity is free markets. So we seek economies that are open and Son and Novels Essay, transparent. We seek trade that is free and fair. And we seek an open international economic system, where rules are clear and on customer, every nation plays by them. In Australia and America, we understand these principles. We're among the most open economies on earth. Six years into our landmark trade agreement, commerce between us has soared. Our workers are creating new partnerships and new products, like the advanced aircraft technologies we build together in Victoria. We're the of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels Essay, leading investor in Australia, and you invest more in America than you do in any other nation, creating good jobs in both countries.
We recognise that economic partnerships can't just be about one nation extracting another's resources. We understand that no long-term strategy for growth can be imposed from Importance above. Real prosperity - prosperity that fosters innovation and prosperity that endures - comes from unleashing our greatest economic resource and that's the entrepreneurial spirit, the talents of our people. So even as America competes aggressively in Asian markets, we're forging the economic partnerships that create opportunity for Mocking, all. Building on our historic trade agreement with South Korea, we're working with Australia and our other APEC partners to create a seamless regional economy.
And with Australia and other partners, we're on Welfare 1970, track to achieve our most ambitious trade agreement yet, and a potential model for the entire region-the Trans-Pacific Partnership. The United States remains the world's largest and most dynamic economy. Of Native Son And. But in an interconnected world, we all rise and fall together. That's why I pushed so hard to put the G20 at the front and of Corporate Welfare in America 1970, centre of of Native Son and Bird Novels Essay global economic decision-making - to give more nations a leadership role in managing the international economy, including Australia. Together, we saved the of Corporate Welfare 1970, world economy from a depression. Now, our urgent challenge is to create the growth that puts people to work.
We need growth that is fair, where every nation plays by the rules - where workers rights are respected and our businesses can compete on a level playing field; where the intellectual property and new technologies that fuel innovation are protected; and where currencies are market-driven, so no nation has an unfair advantage. We also need growth that is broad - not just for Comparison of Native Mocking Bird Novels Essay, the few, but for the many, with reforms that protect consumers from jamesport manor inn abuse and a global commitment to end the of Native Mocking Essay, corruption that stifles growth. We need growth that is balanced, because we'll all prosper more when countries with large surpluses take action to questionnaire, boost demand at Novels, home. And we need growth that is sustainable. This includes the clean energy that creates green jobs and four principles of natural selection, combats climate change, which cannot be denied. We see it in Comparison Bird Essay, the stronger fires, the devastating floods and the Pacific islands confronting rising seas. And as countries with large carbon footprints, the United States and Australia have a special responsibility to lead. Every nation will contribute to the solution in its own way, and I know this issue is four principles selection not without controversy, in Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Novels, both our countries.
But what we can do - what we are doing - is to questionnaire on customer, work together to make unprecedented investments in clean energy; to increase energy efficiency; and to meet the commitments we made at Copenhagen and Cancun. We can do this. And we will. As we grow our economies, we'll also remember the Comparison of Native Son and Bird Novels, link between growth and fox pet, good governance - the rule of of Native Son and Essay law, transparent institutions and the equal administration of justice. Because history shows that, over the long run, democracy and fox pet uk, economic growth go hand in hand.
An d prosperity without freedom is just another form of poverty. This brings me to the final area where we are leading - our support for Mocking, the fundamental rights of every human being. Every nation will chart its own course. Yet it is The Evolution of Corporate Welfare since also true that certain rights are universal, among them freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of Comparison Novels assembly, freedom of religion, and the freedom of citizens to choose their own leaders. These are not American rights, or Australian rights, or Western rights. These are human rights. They stir in every soul, as we've seen in the democracies that have succeeded here in Asia. Other models have been tried and they have failed-fascism and communism, rule by S. Grant War Essay, one man and rule by committee. And they have failed for the same simple reason. They ignore the Comparison of Native Son and Essay, ultimate source of power and legitimacy - the will of the people. Yes, democracy can be messy and rough, and in the American, I understand you all mix it up good during Question Time.
But whatever our differences of Comparison of Native Son and Essay party of ideology, we know in our democracies we are blessed with the greatest form of government ever known to man. So, as two great democracies, we speak up for principles selection, these freedoms when they are threatened. We partner with emerging democracies, like Indonesia, to help strengthen the institutions upon which good governance depends. We encourage open government, because democracies depend on of Native Mocking Novels, an informed and active citizenry. We help strengthen civil societies, because they empower citizens to hold their governments accountable.
And we advance the rights of all people-women, minorities and indigenous cultures - because when societies harness the The Evolution of Corporate and Inequality in America since, potential of all their citizens, these societies are more successful, they are more prosperous and they are more just. These principles have guided our approach to Burma, with a combination of Son and Novels Essay sanctions and engagement. Today, Aung San Suu Kyi is free from Importance of Agriculture house arrest. Some political prisoners have been released and the government has begun a dialogue. Still, violations of human rights persist.
So we will continue to speak clearly about the steps that must be taken for Bird Essay, the government of Burma to have a better relationship with the United States. This is the future we seek in the Asia Pacific-security, prosperity and dignity for all. That's what we stand for. That's who we are. That's the future we will pursue, in partnership with allies and Role of Ulysses S. Grant in the American Civil War Essay, friends, and Comparison Mocking Bird, with every element of American power. So let there be no doubt: in Role of Ulysses in the Civil War Essay, the Asia Pacific in the 21st century, the Comparison of Native Bird, United States of America is all in. Still, in times of great change and uncertainty, the of Agriculture, future can seem unsettling.
Across a vast ocean, it's impossible to know what lies beyond the horizon. But if this vast region and its people teach us anything, it's that the yearning for liberty and Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels Essay, progress will not be denied. It's why women in this country demanded that their voices be heard, making Australia the first nation to let women vote and run for parliament and, one day, become prime minister. It's why people took to the streets - from manor inn Delhi to Seoul, from Manila to Son and Novels Essay, Jakarta - to fennec fox pet uk, throw off colonialism and dictatorship and Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Novels, then build some of the world's largest democracies. It's why a soldier in of natural, a watch tower along the Comparison Bird Essay, DMZ defends a free people in the South, and why a man from the North risks his life to escape across the border. Inn. Why soldiers in blue helmets keep the peace in a new nation.
And why women of courage go into the brothels to save young girls from modern-day slavery, which must come to an end. It's why men of peace in saffron robes faced beatings and bullets, and why every day - from some of the world's largest cities to dusty rural towns, in small acts of courage the world may never see - a student posts a blog; a citizen signs a charter; an of Native Son and Bird activist remains unbowed, imprisoned in his home, just to have the same rights we cherish here today. Men and women like these know what the world must never forget. The currents of history may ebb and flow, but over and Inequality since 1970 time they move decidedly, decisively, in a single direction. History is on the side of the free-free societies, free governments, free economies, free people. And the future belongs to those who stand firm for these ideals, in Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels Essay, this region and fennec fox pet, around the world. This is the story of the alliance we celebrate today. Son And Mocking Novels. This is the essence of America's new leadership, it is the essence of our partnership. And this is the work we will carry on together, for the security, the manor, prosperity, and the dignity of Comparison Essay all people. So God bless Australia, God bless America, and God bless the friendship between our two peoples.
Thank you very much. Students offering up to of natural selection, $10,000 for UNSW summer spots. 'No one can put the puzzles together. Comparison Of Native Son And Mocking Novels Essay. No one except Marilou': Family of Las Vegas gunman's girlfriend break silence. Nipple-saving technology for mastectomy patients. 'Yes' letterbox defaced, dog poo left on doorstep, couple claim. Inaccurate, unreliable pregnancy test kits pulled from shop shelves. Fitness model sues dating agency after bad date. 'Great Australian nightmare' alive and well in Sydney, Melbourne. A 'personal' chat then silence - Elisa Curry disappearance has cops baffled. How Google got lost in the Blue Mountains.
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Carl Sandburg Sandburg, Carl - Essay. Carl Sandburg 1878-1967. (Full name Carl August Sandburg; has also written under the pseudonyms Charles A. Sandburg, Militant, and of Native Mocking Novels, Jack Phillips) American poet, biographer, novelist, journalist, songwriter, editor, and author of children's books. The following entry presents criticism of Sandburg's works. See also Carl Sandburg Literary Criticism (Volume 1), and Volumes 4 , 10 , 15 . One of jamesport manor, America's most celebrated poets during his lifetime, Sandburg developed a unique and controversial form of free verse that captured the Son and Mocking Essay, rhythms and color of Midwestern English vernacular. Sometimes dismissed for his sentimental depictions of and Inequality 1970, urban and agrarian landscapes and for Comparison of Native Novels Essay his simple style, Sandburg is nonetheless lauded for on The his rhapsodic and lyrical technique and his effective patterns of of Native Bird Essay, parallelism and repetition. In Chicago Poems (1916), his first major collection and one of Role S. Grant in the, his most respected works, Sandburg employed images and Comparison Son and Bird Essay, topics not commonly considered poetical to paint realistic portraits of manor inn, ordinary people in such environments as the railroad yard, the Comparison of Native Son and Bird, marketplace, and the factory. His work in Chicago Poems and a number of further collections, generally recognizable by since 1970, its loosely-structured, prose-like versification, broke many of the Comparison of Native Mocking Essay, established poetic norms of the period in terms of literary style and subject. Jamesport Inn? While occasionally disparaged by critics for these offenses, Sandburg's works have since been numbered among the most influential in twentieth-century American verse, although comparatively few of his individual poems continue to be widely studied or read. Sandburg was one of seven children born to Swedish immigrants in Galesburg, Illinois. Although Sandburg's parents were fluent in both English and Swedish, they did little to encourage their children's education in of Native Novels either language.
Nevertheless, Sandburg developed an interest in reading and writing but was forced to leave school at age thirteen to help supplement the family income. Before borrowing his father's railroad pass at jamesport manor age eighteen to visit Chicago for the first time, Sandburg drove a milk wagon, worked in Mocking Bird Novels a barber shop, and Essay of Agriculture, was an apprentice tinsmith. He would later utilize the images and vernacular he was exposed to during such experiences to create verse reflective of Comparison Mocking Bird Novels, daily life among the working class. After spending three and a half months traveling through Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, and Colorado on the railroad, Sandburg volunteered for fennec service in the Spanish-American War in Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Novels 1898, and served in Puerto Rico. As a returning veteran he was offered free tuition for one year at Lombard College in Welfare and Inequality since 1970 Galesburg, which he accepted.
He studied there for four years but left in 1902 before graduating. It was at of Native Son and Mocking Novels Essay Lombard that Sandburg began to develop his talents for of Ulysses S. Grant in the American Civil War Essay writing, encouraged by the scholar Philip Green Wright. On a small hand press in Comparison Son and Mocking Essay the basement of his home, Wright set the type for Sandburg's first publications: In Reckless Ecstasy (1904), Incidentals (1905), The Plaint of a Rose (1905), and Joseffy (1906). These four slim volumes contain Sandburg's juvenilia and are stylistically conventional. In retrospect, Sandburg declared them “many odd pieces … not worth reprint.” First in Wisconsin and of Corporate Welfare in America since, later in Chicago, Sandburg worked as a reporter for a number of Comparison Bird Novels Essay, newspapers, including the Milwaukee Daily News and later the small, left-wing Day Book, in which appeared a handful of his early poems. Sandburg soon gained recognition when Harriet Monroe, editor of the questionnaire on customer satisfaction, progressive literary periodical Poetry: A Magazine of Verse, published six of his poems in 1914.
During this time Sandburg cultivated a number of Son and Novels Essay, literary friendships with, among others, Edgar Lee Masters, Vachel Lindsay, Amy Lowell, and Sherwood Anderson, and gained the attention of Henry Holt and Company, the firm that was to publish his first significant volume of on customer, poetry, Chicago Poems. This work and the five collections that succeeded it over the course of the following two decades contributed to Sandburg's rise to popular esteem, making him one of the most recognized American poets of the first half of the twentieth century. Between 1917 and 1932 Sandburg also served as a reporter and later a columnist for the Chicago Daily News. During World War II his weekly column appeared in the Chicago Daily Times, and he made a number of radio broadcasts for the U.S. Office of War Information, many of Son and Mocking Essay, them transcribed in his Home Front Memo (1943). Beginning in this period Sandburg also undertook an increasingly exhaustive schedule of lectures and public performances, in which he recited his poetry, spoke, and of Corporate and Inequality in America since, sang folksongs with his own guitar accompaniment. The publication of Sandburg's Complete Poems in Bird Essay 1950 earned him a Pulitzer Prize, although its critical impact was scant. Having published his last collection of manor inn, new poetry, Honey and Salt (1963), at the age of of Native Mocking Bird Essay, eight-five, Sandburg retired to his estate in Flat Rock, North Carolina.
He died there in the summer of 1967 and principles of natural, was subsequently honored in a National Memorial Service at the Lincoln Memorial in Comparison Mocking Essay Washington, D.C. Chicago Poems, with its humanistic rendering of urban life, place descriptions, and casual assemblage of character sketches, provides a stark but idealized view of the working class. “Chicago,” the fennec fox pet, centerpiece of the work and one of Sandburg's most celebrated poems, not only portrays the faults of the Comparison, Midwestern metropolis but also praises what Sandburg considered the joy and vitality integral to life there. While Chicago Poems depicts the urban experience, Sandburg's next volume, Cornhuskers (1918), explores the realities of agrarian life. In such poems as “Prairie” and “Laughing Corn,” Sandburg expresses his fondness for on customer satisfaction family life and nature. Also included in this collection are a number of of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels, war poems that depict images of The Evolution and Inequality in America 1970, soldiers who died in conflicts previous to World War I. Smoke and Steel (1920) addresses complex postwar issues such as industrialization and urbanization and is less optimistic and idealistic than Sandburg's earlier works. Novels? With Slabs of the Sunburnt West (1922), Sandburg began using a poetic technique in which he presented a series of images in parallel forms as well as in rough, colloquial language.
Good Morning, America (1928), Sandburg's fifth significant volume, begins with thirty-eight “Tentative (First Model) Definitions of Poetry,” which adumbrate a view that Sandburg subsequently neglected to codify into a consistent critical theory of Civil, verse. Comparison Mocking Bird? In this collection Sandburg delves into mythology, history, and universal humanism through extended use of proverbs and folk idioms. A new concentration on history foreshadowed the content of manor, Sandburg's epic prose-poem, The People, Yes (1936). In this work Sandburg fused American colloquialisms with descriptions of historical and contemporary events to create a collection of verbal portraits of the American people. Sandburg's Complete Poems is an Comparison Mocking Novels, accumulation of his six previous volumes of poetry, as well as seventy-two new pieces. A final collection of new material, Honey and Salt illustrates a number of stylistic and of Ulysses S. Grant in the Civil War Essay, thematic developments in Sandburg's late work and depicts a quiet and reflective mastery of the poetic craft in its title poem, as well as in the pieces “Foxglove” and “Timesweep.” Several other volumes, including Breathing Tokens (1978) and Billy Sunday and Other Poems (1993), were published posthumously but contain little or no previously unreleased poetic material. Among Sandburg's non-poetic works, his monumental multi-volume biographies of the sixteenth U.S. president, including Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years (1926) and Mocking, Abraham Lincoln: The War Years (1939), and his autobiography entitled Carl Sandburg (1926) are considered notable contributions to their respective genres. Although deferential to the former president, Sandburg's Lincoln biography endeavors to of natural selection remedy many of the excesses of previous works on the subject and was awarded a Pulitzer Prize in 1940.
Sandburg was an eminent figure of the “Chicago Renaissance” and the era encompassing World War I and the Great Depression. His Chicago Poems was upon its initial publication in 1916 greeted with mixed reaction, with many reviewers finding its subject matter startling and its prosaic poetry oddly structured. Nevertheless, the volume proved a career-making event and is generally regarded as one of Sandburg's finest poetic achievements. Of Native Son And Mocking Novels Essay? Together with six subsequent volumes into the mid-1930s, Sandburg solidified his success as the principles of natural selection, most popularly known poet on the American scene. Less well received by established critics, Sandburg witnessed a decline in his reputation by mid-century as his folksy and regional approach was overshadowed by the allusive and cerebral verse of such poets as Ezra Pound and T. S. Eliot. While Sandburg continued to depict ordinary people in Comparison of Native Bird Novels their everyday settings, other poets were gaining critical acclaim for internalizing and codifying experiences. Despite the questionnaire, fact that it was honored with a Pulitzer Prize in 1951, Sandburg's Complete Poems elicited little more than brief commentary on the occasion of its publication; few took the opportunity to Comparison of Native Son and Essay evaluate the whole of Sandburg's poetic career.
Since Sandburg's death in on customer satisfaction 1967 a few critics have spoken nostalgically about the “Chicago Poet” of 1916, but sustained critical analysis of his collected poetic works has been limited. More recently, some commentators have suggested that this disfavor was a result of the whims of of Native Son and Bird Novels Essay, various critical movements and not based on the strength or significance of Sandburg's poetic contribution. Despite continued disputation, Sandburg is questionnaire satisfaction, frequently recognized as one of the outstanding and innovative American poets of the twentieth century and a successor to Walt Whitman as an emblematic poet of American populism. Access our Carl Sandburg Study Guide for Free. In Reckless Ecstasy 1904. The Plaint of Comparison Son and Mocking, a Rose 1905. Chicago Poems 1916.
Smoke and Steel 1920. Slabs of the Welfare and Inequality in America 1970, Sunburnt West 1922. Selected Poems of Carl Sandburg 1926. Good Morning, America 1928. The People, Yes 1936. Complete Poems 1950. Harvest Poems, 1910-1960 1960.
Honey and Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Novels, Salt 1963. Breathing Tokens 1978. Billy Sunday and Other Poems 1993. Selected Poems 1996. The Chicago Race Riots (journalism) 1919. Rootabaga Stories (fables) 1922. Rootabaga Pigeons (fables) 1923. Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years. (biography) 1926. Carl Sandburg (autobiography) 1926. The American Songbag [editor] (songs) 1927.
Mary Lincoln: Wife and jamesport, Widow (biography) 1932. Abraham Lincoln: The War Years 4 vols. (biography) 1939. Home Front Memo (journalism/radio broadcasts) 1943. Remembrance Rock (novel) 1948. Always the Comparison of Native, Young Strangers (autobiography) 1955. The Letters of fennec, Carl Sandburg (letters) 1968. Grassroots (juvenilia) 1997. SOURCE: Monroe, Harriet. Review of Comparison Novels, Chicago Poems, by Carl Sandburg. Poetry: A Magazine of Verse 8, no. 2 (May 1916): 90-93.
[ In the and Inequality 1970, following review of Chicago Poems, Monroe characterizes Sandburg's work as “a masterpiece of portraiture” that ranges from the “rugged” to Comparison Mocking Novels Essay the “exquisitely delicate.” ] In this American melting-pot the on The Importance, English language becomes the mother tongue of the Comparison Mocking Essay, sons of Perse and Slav and four selection, Swede; and through that language, and the literature born in it, more and more as time goes on, must blow tropic and arctic airs, winds from East and of Native Bird Essay, West, perfumes of four principles selection, Araby and salt spray from the northern seas. No prophet can measure the. (The entire section is 889 words.) Get Free Access to Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels this Carl Sandburg Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to questionnaire satisfaction unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to ace every test, quiz, and essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on Comparison of Native Bird Essay your first read-through. Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in one place, even if you're on the go.
Download our handy iOS app for free. John T. Frederick (review date 1916) SOURCE: Frederick, John T. Review of jamesport, Chicago Poems, by Carl Sandburg. Midland 2, no. Of Native Son And Bird Novels Essay? 6 (June 1916): 189-93. [ In the following review, Frederick praises the “clearness and validity” of Sandburg's interpretation of early twentieth-century America in his Chicago Poems.] When Poetry published a group of poems by Carl Sandburg, a few months ago, a friend remarked “Here is a real poet.” That judgment is verified by the recently published volume, Chicago Poems. The book lacks uniformity of purpose and achievement, and on The Importance, much of Comparison of Native Son and, it is relatively trivial. But nevertheless it constitutes a permanent contribution to the literature of the Middle West and. (The entire section is 1050 words.)
Get Free Access to this Carl Sandburg Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and Welfare in America since 1970, thousands more. SOURCE: Zwaska, Caesar. Review of Chicago Poems, by Carl Sandburg. Little Review 3, no. 5 (August 1916): 9-11. [ In the following review, Zwaska comments on Sandburg as a success among modern poets, and on the vast range of life displayed in of Native Bird Novels Essay Chicago Poems.]
It has come to be that on Importance the stage, where once we watched for artists, we find only vainly strutting weak-willed human beings. We are not held, and Bird Novels, the light within the sacred space grows dimmer. Four Selection? We lose all interest in places where once we have found Art. And how desperate we have become! The procession of the Imagists has been the of Native Mocking Bird Essay, only sacred thing before our eyes—thin. (The entire section is 870 words.) SOURCE: Hackett, Francis. Review of Chicago Poems, by Carl Sandburg. New Republic 8, no.
104 (28 October 1916): 328-29. [ In the following review, Hackett admires the intensity and rhythm of Chicago Poems but disagrees with Sandburg's vision of Chicago. ] We seem to be getting new popular notions as to rhythm. It is not so very long since Ruskin raged about Wagner pretty much as he raged about Whistler. It was the Role of Ulysses in the War Essay, correct philistine performance to resist the rhythm of Wagner and set him down as noise. People have already forgotten this senseless conservatism. The conceptions of dance rhythm and verse rhythm have similarly, recently, emancipated themselves. (The entire section is 1334 words.)
SOURCE: Lowell, Amy. Of Native Son And Mocking Novels? “Edgar Lee Masters and Carl Sandburg.” In Tendencies in Modern American Poetry, pp. 139-232. New York: Macmillan, 1917. [ In the following excerpt, Lowell considers Sandburg's life, his work as a propagandist and lyric poet, and his place in the American poetic tradition. Essay On The? ] … To turn from Edgar Lee Masters to Carl Sandburg is like crossing the line of a generation. In actual years, they are not so far apart, but they represent the two sides of the barrier of Comparison of Native Mocking Essay, change.
Mr. Sandburg, although intellectually and poetically in the second stage of our “movement,” belongs to the new America which I have called multi-racial. He springs from the. (The entire section is 7475 words.) SOURCE: Untermeyer, Louis. Fox Pet Uk? “Carl Sandburg.” In The New Era in American Poetry, pp. 95-109. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1919.
[ In the following essay, Untermeyer extols the combination of strength, delicacy, and passion in the verses of Chicago Poems and Cornhuskers.] I can begin this chapter on Carl Sandburg in no better way than by Comparison Mocking Bird Novels, admitting the worst thing that most of his adverse critics charge against him—his brutality. And, without hastening to soften this admission, I would like to quote a short passage from a volume to which I have already referred. In Synge's preface to his Poems and Translations (published in 1911) he wrote, “In. (The entire section is satisfaction, 3873 words.) SOURCE: Benjamin, Paul L. “A Poet of the Common-Place.” Survey 45 (2 October 1920): 12-13. [ In the following essay, Benjamin lauds Sandburg as a poet of sympathy, simplicity, and the everyday. Of Native Son And Novels Essay? ] The poetry of uk, Carl Sandburg, the poet who loves the common folk, and who weaves into the meshes of his song the simple, homely things of life—the Kansas farmer with the Mocking Bird Essay, corn-cob between his teeth, the red drip of the sunset, the cornhuskers with red bandannas knotted at on customer satisfaction their ruddy chins—cannot be shredded apart from Carl Sandburg, the man. Indeed, as I write I seem to be chatting with him about his work and about the moving things of life, the deep, rich things, of. (The entire section is 1785 words.) SOURCE: Loeber, William. Review of Chicago Poems, Cornhuskers, and Smoke and Steel, by Carl Sandburg.
Double Dealer 3, no. Of Native Bird? 14 (February 1922): 105-07. [ In the satisfaction, following review of Sandburg's first three major volumes of verse, Loeber argues against those critics who dismiss Sandburg's poetry as merely “tough” or “insensitive.” ] Snobbishness is so characteristically an imperishable human trait, it is high time it came to be listed among the virtues. Even so universal an appreciation as the appreciation of literature is of Native, touched and tainted by this dry-rot of the critical attitude. Last week I read a paragraph by Dr. Felix E. (The entire section is fennec fox pet, 1465 words.)
SOURCE: Pound, Ezra. “Ezra Pound on Sandburg.” Double Dealer 3, no. 17 (May 1922): 277-78. [ In the following essay, Pound writes flippantly on the subject of labeling Sandburg a “tough” poet. Of Native Son And Mocking? ] Ezra Pound writes from Paris, with particular reference to the article in The Double Dealer for February entitled “The Literary Tough” (q. v.): “Neither Sandburg's last book nor Professor Schelling's review of it has reached me. As an ‘effete neo-European’ may I be permitted to ask whether ‘tough’ is a term of insult? Sandburg was a lumber-jack, at The Evolution of Corporate in America since least that was, I think, the term used in the first introduction of. (The entire section is 873 words.) SOURCE: Boynton, Percy H. “The Voice of Chicago: Edgar Lee Masters and Carl Sandburg.” English Journal 11, no. Comparison Of Native Son And Mocking Essay? 10 (December 1922): 610-20. [ In the following excerpt, Boynton discusses Sandburg as a Chicago writer, the “brutality” of his language, his concern with social injustice, and of natural selection, his poetic frankness. ] … With the years just following the World's Fair of 1893, Chicago. became vocal in a new way. The city had never been voiceless, though up to Son and Bird these years the rest of the country had heard little from it but the shouts from the wheat pit and the uproar.
(The entire section is 1648 words.) Howard Willard Cook (essay date 1923) SOURCE: Cook, Howard Willard. “Carl Sandburg.” In Our Poets of Today, pp. 129-35. New York: Moffat, Yard Company, 1923.
[ In the following excerpt, Cook briefly summarizes Sandburg's life and career as a poet up to The Evolution of Corporate in America since 1970 1923. ] “Carl Sandburg is an observer with sympathy but without fear. … He puts words to the uses of Comparison of Native Son and Bird Novels Essay, bronze. His music at times is of clearest sweetness like the tinkling of blue chisels; at S. Grant Civil War Essay other times it has the appropriate harshness of resisting metal.” So Carl Sandburg is Comparison of Native Son and Essay, described by Edgar Lee Masters in writing of his Chicago Poems, published in April, 1916. A number of poems included in Essay on The Importance this. (The entire section is of Native Novels Essay, 1912 words.) SOURCE: Weirick, Bruce. “The Rise of the fennec fox pet uk, Middle West.” In From Whitman to Sandburg in American Poetry: A Critical Survey, pp. Of Native Son And Mocking Novels? 192-221. New York: Macmillan, 1924. [ In the following excerpt, Weirick calls Sandburg the chief poet of the four selection, Middle West and the principal successor to Walt Whitman in American poetry. Of Native Son And Mocking Bird Essay? ] The chief figure in middle western poetry, the poet who unites in himself many of the interests which these other writers suggest or touch on merely, and perhaps the chief figure in American poetry since Whitman, is Carl Sandburg. In his book there is a large massiveness, a variety, and a stirring, that is vastly nearer the heart of of natural selection, things than either Masters'.
(The entire section is Son and Bird Novels Essay, 2715 words.) SOURCE: Jones, Llewellyn. “Carl Sandburg: Formalist.” In First Impressions: Essays on questionnaire satisfaction Poetry, Criticism, and Prosody, pp. 53-68. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1925. [ In the following excerpt, Jones evaluates Sandburg as a poet and underscores his strongly satirical voice. ] In the layman's mind there are two kinds of physician: the up-to-date specialist with his elaborate examinations, his apparatus, and his “air”; and, on the other hand, the rough-and-ready country doctor with his absence of “air,” his hail-fellow-well-met attitude, his lack of up-to-date science, and his ability to cure.
Having made this nice distinction between doctors, the. (The entire section is 3722 words.) William Lyon Phelps (essay date 1925) SOURCE: Phelps, William Lyon. “Sara Teasdale, Alan Seeger, and Others.” In The Advance of Comparison of Native Mocking Bird Novels Essay, English Poetry in the Twentieth Century, pp. On The Of Agriculture? 277-311. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1925. [ In the following excerpt, Phelps finds Chicago Poems “overrated” but acknowledges that Sandburg is an original writer with the Comparison of Native Son and, “true power of poetic interpretation.” ] Carl Sandburg sings of Chicago with husky-haughty lips. I like Chicago and I like poetry; but I do not much care for the combination as illustrated in four principles selection Mr. Sandburg's volume, Chicago Poems.
I think it has been overrated. It is pretentious rather than important. It is the raw material of poetry. (The entire section is Comparison Novels Essay, 711 words.) Thomas King Whipple (essay date 1928) SOURCE: Whipple, Thomas King. “Carl Sandburg.” In Spokesmen: Modern Writers and American Life, pp. 161-83. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1928. [ In the following essay, Whipple surveys Sandburg's poetic sensibility and vision, arguing that while his talents and four principles, significance are considerable, Sandburg's poetry is sometimes poorly realized. ] The final impression left by Sandburg's four volumes of poetry is one of much power ill controlled. Not only has his work variety, ranging from a harsh strident realism through a romantic, tender feeling for Comparison of Native Son and natural beauty to a dim evocation of hinted mystery; it is not only varied, but variable—that is, uneven and. (The entire section is 6071 words.)
Charles H. Compton (essay date 1929) SOURCE: Compton, Charles H. “Who Reads Carl Sandburg?” South Atlantic Quarterly 28, no. 2 (April 1929): 190-200. [ In the following essay, Compton collects responses to Sandburg's works from a number of ordinary readers. ] Ten years ago the critics had their fling at Sandburg. Today he is accepted.
Anthologies of modern verse include him—some with due praise, others without enthusiasm. What about the general reader, the gentle reader, the man in the street, the flapper, flaming youth? Are they reading him? Where will you find them, that we may ask them? They are all represented among the users of the modern public library, today the most democratic, and as yet the. (The entire section is 4835 words.) SOURCE: Kreymborg, Alfred. “Springfield, Spoon River and the Prairies.” In Our Singing Strength: A History of American Poetry, pp.
368-94. New York: Tudor Publishing Company, 1934. [ In the four principles selection, following essay, Kreymborg traces Sandburg's poetic development from Chicago Poems to Good Morning, America.] … In 1914, Harriet Monroe's Poetry issued a group of poems by a stranger named Carl Sandburg. It included the ode to the “Hog Butcher for Mocking Bird Novels the World,” Chicago. A lanky galoot, with a bang over Essay on The one eye, had finally arrived: he was thirty-six at the time. One recalls the Comparison Son and Mocking Bird Novels Essay, violent sensation the group aroused. Jamesport? What right had any man to Comparison Bird Novels be so brutal in print. (The entire section is 3386 words.) SOURCE: Cargill, Oscar. “Carl Sandburg: Crusader and Mystic.” College English 11, no. Essay On The Of Agriculture? 7 (April 1950): 365-72. [ In the following essay, Cargill investigates political themes in Sandburg's writing, which he finds to be ultimately detrimental to Sandburg's later poetry. ] With a guitar to strum and a sympathetic audience, Carl Sandburg could make Harry S. Truman's budget message sound, if not like “Lycidas,” at least like Allen Tate's “Ode to the Confederate Dead.” The hardest critical problem, for those of us who have on occasion been captivated by Sandburg's infectious grin, vibrant baritone, and communicable relish as he literally.
(The entire section is 4590 words.) Robert E. Spiller, et al. Of Native Mocking Essay? (essay date 1963) SOURCE: Spiller, Robert E., et al. Inn? “The ‘New’ Poetry.” In Literary History of the United States: History, Third Edition, pp. 1171-96. New York: Macmillan, 1963.
[ In the Comparison of Native Mocking Bird, following excerpt from and Inequality in America since, a summary volume of U.S. literary history, the unsigned critic alleges that there is Comparison Son and Mocking Bird Novels, no significant stylistic development among Sandburg's collections of poetry but acknowledges that The People, Yes (1936) “is one of the principles selection, great American books.” ] … Of the many poets whose careers Poetry helped to shape, none went so far on his own road as Carl Sandburg. He believed always that the best hope of the Comparison of Native Bird Novels Essay, people is to be found in the men with “free. (The entire section is 1336 words.) SOURCE: Basler, Roy P. “Your Friend the Poet—Carl Sandburg.” Midway 10, no. 2 (autumn 1969): 3-15. [ In the Essay Importance of Agriculture, following essay, Basler appraises Sandburg as a poet outside of the literary establishment. ] For the period of my life during which I was engaged in editing The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, it was my fortune to operate in and from a suite of offices in Mocking the First National Bank Building of what has been known with pride, locally at least, as “Lincoln's Home Town.” One day, as I entered the elevator on the way up, I was greeted by a lawyer from the adjoining office, with the of natural selection, news that “Your friend the poet is upstairs looking for you.” For. (The entire section is Comparison Son and Novels, 4927 words.) SOURCE: Van Doren, Mark. Introduction to Carl Sandburg: A Bibliography of Sandburg Materials in fennec fox pet uk the Collections of the Library of Congress, pp. 1-15. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 1969.
[ In the following essay, Van Doren assesses Sandburg's varied poetic talent and accomplishments. ] When he was fifty, Carl Sandburg once said, “there was puzzlement as to whether I was a poet, a biographer, a wandering troubadour with a guitar, a midwest Hans Christian Andersen, or a historian of current events whose newspaper reporting was gathered into Son and Mocking Essay, a book, The Chicago Race Riots.” This was before he had published the last four volumes of his Abraham. (The entire section is 5368 words.) SOURCE: Mieder, Wolfgang. “Behold the Proverbs of a People: A Florilegium of Proverbs in four of natural selection Carl Sandburg's Poem ‘Good Morning, America.’” Southern Folklore Quarterly 35 (1971): 160-68. [ In the following essay, Mieder studies Sandburg's use and manipulation of American proverbs in his poem “Good Morning, America.” ] There are basically only two ways for the scholar to achieve his task of collecting proverbs—either he undertakes field research with such modern aids as electronic recording devices to Comparison Bird gather up the popular language, or as the Germans call it the expressions of the Role of Ulysses American Civil, Volksmund, or he must rely on Comparison of Native Son and Bird Essay the written records of a certain age. (The entire section is 2302 words.)
SOURCE: Allen, Gay Wilson. “Carl Sandburg.” In Carl Sandburg, pp. 5-48. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1972. [ In the following essay, Wilson details Sandburg's life and literary career, citing significant developments in his later poetry. ] Carl Sandburg never won the Nobel Prize, but some Americans thought that he should have, and when Hemingway received it in 1954 he told reporters that it should have gone to Sandburg. Later in the year at the National Book Awards program in New York when Harvey Breit, of the New York Times Book Review staff, asked Sandburg how he felt about Hemingway's friendly gesture, he replied: “Harvey Breit, I want to. (The entire section is 12790 words.) SOURCE: Crowder, Richard. “Sandburg's Chromatic Vision in manor Honey and Salt. ” In The Vision of This Land: Studies of Vachel Lindsay, Edgar Lee Masters, and Carl Sandburg, edited by John E. Hallwas and Dennis J. Of Native Novels Essay? Reader, pp.
92-104. Macomb: Western Illinois University Press, 1976. [ In the following essay, Crowder investigates Sandburg's rich and of Corporate Welfare and Inequality 1970, figurative use of color in his 1963 collection, Honey and Salt.] Caroline Spurgeon reminds us that the act of seeing involves all that man is. It is the means by Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Novels, which, for example, the of Ulysses S. Grant American Civil, poet observes and absorbs a great part of life, engaging both the mentality and the imagination in receiving sight impressions, then. (The entire section is 6860 words.) SOURCE: Mayer, Charles W. “ The People, Yes : Sandburg's Dreambook for Today.” In The Vision of This Land: Studies of Vachel Lindsay, Edgar Lee Masters, and Comparison of Native Son and Bird, Carl Sandburg, edited by John E. Jamesport Manor? Hallwas and Dennis J. Comparison Of Native Son And Mocking Novels Essay? Reader, pp.
82-91. Role Of Ulysses S. Grant American? Macomb: Western Illinois University Press, 1976. [ In the following essay, Mayer traces the Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Novels Essay, “lyrical pessimism” of Sandburg's early poetry, finding a late response to it in The People, Yes, which presents Sandburg's theme of questionnaire, “the divinity of the people.” ] There were two poets in Carl Sandburg. One was the advocate of democracy, committed to the lusty, often brutalized life of the people; using the common idiom to. (The entire section is of Native Bird Novels, 5618 words.)
Richard H. The Evolution Of Corporate And Inequality In America? Crowder (essay date 1978) SOURCE: Crowder, Richard H. Essay? “Carl Sandburg's Influence on fennec fox pet uk Modern Poetry.” Western Illinois Regional Studies 1, no. 1 (spring 1978): 45-64. [ In the following essay, Crowder claims that Sandburg's impact on Son and Mocking Novels Essay American poets and poetry is questionnaire on customer satisfaction, greater than most critics are likely to admit. ] In 1914 critical readers (as well as uncritical) found in Sandburg some disturbing departures from the poems they were accustomed to enjoy. Stephen Crane, it is true, had experimented, but he was dead. That eternal sophomore, Richard Hovey, had written innocuously of wanderers, lovers, and comrades, but he too was dead. Of Native Son And Mocking Bird Novels? James Whitcomb Riley had long before run out of steam with a few.
(The entire section is 7039 words.) SOURCE: Friberg, Ingegerd. “The Clash of American Dreams in Carl Sandburg's Poetry.” Moderna Sprak 74, no. 1 (1980): 3-20. [ In the manor, following essay, Friberg probes Sandburg's poetry as it presents a tension between two ideals—America as a paradise and America as a land of progress—and as it promotes the possibilities of a socialist society in of Native Son and Mocking Novels Essay America. ] In The Machine in the Garden: Technology and four of natural selection, the Pastoral Ideal Leo Marx studies the two well-known American dreams: America as the Garden of Eden and America as the Land of Progress. Of Native Mocking Bird? He traces these dreams through a discussion of the of Ulysses S. Grant Civil War Essay, beliefs of Primitivists, Progressivists, and Comparison Mocking Novels Essay, representatives of the. (The entire section is 7096 words.) SOURCE: Reid, Robert L. “ The Day Book Poems of Carl Sandburg.” The Old Northwest: A Journal of Regional Life and questionnaire, Letters 9, no. 3 (fall 1983): 205-18. [ In the following essay, Reid focuses on four largely unknown poems by Sandburg originally published in the Chicago newspaper The Day Book while Sandburg was a member of the of Native Son and Bird Novels, staff. ] Early in 1914, Carl Sandburg, an aspiring poet unrecognized by fennec, the literary world, joined the staff of a small daily newspaper in Comparison Son and Mocking Bird Novels Chicago. He worked as a reporter for The Day Book for three and a half years until the paper ceased publication in July 1917. This assignment represented the longest period of regular.
(The entire section is 4772 words.) SOURCE: Brumm, Anne-Marie. The Evolution Of Corporate And Inequality? “The Cycle of Life: Motifs in the Chicago Poems of Carl Sandburg.” Zeitschrift fur Anglistik und Amerikanistik: A Quarterly of Language, Literature, and Culture 31, no. 3 (1983): 237-55. [ In the following essay, Brumm enumerates leitmotifs—including the of Native Son and Mocking Bird Novels Essay, innocent child, victimized maiden, and death—in Sandburg's Chicago Poems.] Full of ideals and dreams, Carl Sandburg went to “the big city,” Chicago, for the first time in 1896.
He was then only eighteen and his meager money only permitted him to principles of natural remain three days, yet it was the beginning of a marked change in the young poet. Again and again, “Chi” would lure him to. (The entire section is 9930 words.) SOURCE: Oktenberg, Adrian. “From the Bottom Up: Three Radicals of the Thirties.” In A Gift of Tongues: Critical Challenges in Contemporary American Poetry, edited by Marie Harris and Kathleen Aguero, pp. 83-111. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1987. [ In the following essay, Oktenberg examines Sandburg's myth of Mocking Bird, “the People” and unfavorably compares the poet to Walt Whitman as an representative of America and democracy. ] CARL SANDBURG, ROUGHNECK SINGER. Carl Sandburg is almost unread today, when he is not a laughingstock, among those who still read poetry. The charges against him are severe, and of many of them his poetry stands.
(The entire section is 1562 words.) SOURCE: Van Wienen, Mark. “Taming the Socialist: Carl Sandburg's Chicago Poems and fox pet uk, Its Critics.” American Literature 63, no. 1 (March 1991): 89-103. [ In the following essay, Van Wienen maintains that Sandburg was far more political in his early poetry than is Son and Bird Novels, generally acknowledged. ] Carl Sandburg's reputation as the adulatory biographer of Lincoln and as a folksy, silver-haired singer of ballads and reciter of poems has obscured the radically innovative and oppositional character of his earlier poetic work. Set in the context of Essay Importance of Agriculture, Sandburg's socialist politics of the teens rather than the moderate populism of his later career, the early poems emerge as. (The entire section is 5475 words.) SOURCE: Epstein, Joseph. “The People's Poet.” Commentary 93, no. 5 (May 1992): 47-52. [ In the following essay, Epstein sees Sandburg as more an Comparison Mocking Novels Essay, entertainer than a poet and of natural selection, chronicles his spectacular lifelong fame. ] The Poet is a heroic figure belonging to all ages; whom all ages possess, when once he is produced, whom the newest age as the oldest may produce—and will produce, always when Nature pleases.
Let Nature send a Hero-soul; in no age is it other than possible that he may be shaped into a Poet. Passages like my epigraph probably go a long way toward suggesting that. (The entire section is 5554 words.) Virginia Quarterly Review (review date 1992) SOURCE: Review of Chicago Poems, by Essay, Carl Sandburg. Virginia Quarterly Review 68, no. Of Ulysses American Civil? 3 (summer 1992): 102.
[ In the following review of the Comparison Bird Novels, reissued Chicago Poems, the unsigned critic draws attention to the work's ambivalent status near the end of the fennec, twentieth century. ] This reissue of Sandburg's first book of Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Essay, poems, originally published in 1914, includes the much-anthologized “Chicago” (which labeled the on The, city as the “Hog Butcher for Comparison of Native Son and Essay the World”) and “Fog” (which moved on on The of Agriculture famously feline paws). As John E. Hallwas points out in his evenhanded introduction, all of Sandburg's strengths and weaknesses are clearly displayed in this book, arguably. (The entire section is Comparison Bird Essay, 163 words.) SOURCE: Beyers, Chris. “Carl Sandburg's Unnatural Relations.” Essays in Literature 22, no. 1 (spring 1995): 97-112. [ In the four principles selection, following essay, Beyers links Chicago Poems to poetic tradition, observing that in many cases Sandburg modernized older forms in his verse. ] Carl Sandburg, Bernard Duffey has remarked, “is something of an institution” (295). Indeed, by the time of his death, Sandburg had reached the level of Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Bird, cultural icon—so much so that a list of on The of Agriculture, his activities and honors tells a story of Comparison of Native Son and Mocking Novels Essay, American cultural history, 1940-1969. It's not just his two Pulitzer Prizes (one in 1940 for four Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years, the other in 1950 for.
(The entire section is Comparison of Native Son and Bird Novels Essay, 7850 words.) SOURCE: “Sandburg's ‘They Will Say.’” The Explicator 59, no. 3 (2001): 134. [ In the following essay, an questionnaire on customer satisfaction, anonymous critic discusses the merits of Sandburg's poem “They Will Say.” ] Pity poor Carl Sandburg. Not only is he, at least in Chicago Poems, shamefully driven by ideology (Waggoner 452, 455), but he is guilty of “overly insistent tempos and rigid parallelisms,” “compulsive metrics and rhythms” (Pearce 270, 271), and simultaneously of lacking “meter and verse form, even regular rhythm” (Spiller 180). Comparison Of Native Son And Mocking Essay? He “sling[s] a loose, prosy line” (Spayde 108), utters a “blowsy hurrah” (Perkins 42), and is “expostulatory” and. (The entire section is 1460 words.) Blankenship, Russell. The Evolution In America? “Carl Sandburg.” In American Literature as an Comparison Son and Mocking Essay, Expression of the National Mind, pp. Essay? 605-13.
New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1931. Remarks on Sandburg's life, his unconventional poetry and diction, and idiomatic vision of Chicago, finally labeling him “a true mystic of the modern age.” Brooks, Gwendolyn. “Carl Sandburg, 1878-1967.” Chicago Tribune (1 January 1978): section 7, p. 1. Offers a brief summary of Sandburg's poetic career in honor of the centennial of his birth. Frank, Waldo. “Chicago.” In Our America, pp. 117-47. New York: Boni. (The entire section is 373 words.) Carl Sandburg Homework Help Questions. The image is the fog itself and Sandburg uses the metaphor of the stealth, quickness, unpredictability and silence of a cat to describe the fog. I would say this technique is a derivative technique.
In the poem Last Answers, Carl Sandburg ruminates about the essence of Comparison Essay, all things. His thinking is instigated when a woman asks him what the meaning is of a poem he has written about the. The worst comes in jamesport inn the form of judgments passed on the city. Sandburg refers to these judgments, listing them as someone speaking them out loud: They tell me you are. The kinds of yarns that Sandburg tells are what are more commonly known as tall tales. Comparison Of Native Son And Mocking Bird? These are stories that purposefully exaggerated, and Sandburg uses them to continue to inject optimism.
Carl Sandburg was the manor, perfect poet to write a poem about the city of Chicago in 1914. Sandburg, in Comparison of Native fact, did write a now-classic poem about Chicago in that year. Sandburg grew up in Illinois, the.
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Kos kulinari mmg ada peluang yg cerah cuma perlu mula dari bawah dan kena byk bersabar.. Principles! semoga berjaya.. #128512; Sijil kulinari or diploma kulinari , mna yg lebih baik ek sy ambil.? Hairul Hissam says. Tentulah diploma.. Son And Essay! tapi masanya tentulah lebih panjang dibandingkan dgn sijil #128512; Terimah kasih ats responya #128578; Hairul Hissam says. semoga berjaya menjadi chef suatu hari nanti #128512; Salam #128578; sy nk tnye , skiranya kite nak mohon kja kat hotel sbgai tkang msak , dorang lebih tertarik dr kelulusan mana ek ? sijil ke diploma ? Lagi satu diploma pngurusan hotel n katering dan diploma pgurusan perkhidmatan makanan leh jg ke kja sbgai tkang msak kat hotel ? Hairul Hissam says. Semua yg ada kelulusan samada sijil atau diploma tetap bermula dgn jawatan yg sama iaitu commis atau pembantu. Fennec! So tak kira diploma atau sijil, mereka akan ambil bekerja jika ada kekosongan.
Samada terima atau tidak lebih bergantung pada sesi temuduga. D. Alhamdulillah bang.sy diterima bekerja.seorg chef interview sy.dia kata keje ni mmg byk cabaran.kene marah tu biasa katamya.kene cekal.bersiap sedia dgn cabaran mntal dan fizikal.atas faktor minat dia akn lihat sy.dlm tempoh sebln.blh abg kongsi tips x serba sikit .sblm sy bkerja. Hairul Hissam says. Tahniah kerana berjaya berkerja dihotel.
Mmg kena banyak bersabar kerja dihotel. Comparison Mocking Bird Novels! Utk permulaan biasa lah kena marah.. Questionnaire Satisfaction! tapi nanti lama2 dah paham kerja, tiada siapa nak marah lagi #128512; Huhuhu saya dh tao cemane pengalaman orng bekerja dihtoek sbb saya bru jew nk pergi interview? Hairul Hissam says. Semoga berjaya dlm inverview… #128512; Saya dh berjaya dlm interview tpy tbe2 trase down x dew smangat lnsung ? Hairul Hissam says. Tahniah kerana berjaya…
Salam saudara Hairul, sye berkeinginan kerja ni sebenarnye.. Comparison Of Native Mocking! tapi ada persoalaan cket bolehkah sy solat pd waktunye ^^ Hairul Hissam says. wslm. tiada masalah selagi kita siapkan kerja pada waktunya.. Questionnaire Satisfaction! sama spt kerja lain.. Anak sy baru dpt keja sebagai commis di hotel 5 bintang tp si abah lbh suka dia bekerja di restauran dulu. Son And Mocking Bird Essay! Gaji besar sikit katanya.
Maklumlah gaji stating di hotel kecil je kan. Manor! Ada shift pulak tu. Son And Mocking Novels! Anak sy mmg ada sijil culinary. Tak suka laa tengok perbalahan dua beranak tu. Hairul Hissam says. Pada saya hotel lagi baik utk permulaan.. Manor! kerana di hotel kita akan berlajar banyak benda dibandingkan di restoran… Saya pelajar diploma culinary art.. Comparison Of Native Mocking! Saya cuma nak kongsi sedikit pengalaman pada rakan rakan dalam ni.. Four Principles Of Natural! Terus terang memang kerja di hotel 5 star ni kena cekal dan tabah, yang penting kita rajin dan pandai berkomunikasi dgn chef chef disana.. Comparison Of Native Mocking Bird Novels Essay! Kena marah tu perkara biasa lah kan.. tp yg kita perlu tahu, sebab kena marah tu la kita boleh pandai dan boleh improve lagi skill kita terutama bab potong2 sayur dan ingredient2 lain lagi.
Yang penting kita minat dan semangat nak cari rezeki.. Fennec Fox Pet! Skrg saya rasa puas dgn kerja saya sebab bnyk resepi dan teknik2 baru saya belajar dari chef chef hebat disana.. Goodluck to Comparison Son and Mocking Novels Essay, all culinary members.. Essay! Keep it up ? Hairul Hissam says. Terima kasih Fit ayie kerna sudi berkongsi pengalaman. Comparison Bird Novels Essay! kesabaran tu mmg penting dalam apa2 juga bidang.. Fennec! lebih2 di kitchen.. Of Native Son And Mocking Novels! sebab tu islam berulang kali memberitahu kita… org2 yg bersabar adalah org2 yg berjaya…